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Question

What happens to an electrolyte when it is an ionized?


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Solution

Understanding the concept:

  • An electrolyte is a substance that, whether in an aqueous solution or when molten, permits the passage of an electric current. For example, Hydrochloric acid(HCl).

Explanation of ionization of electrolyte:

  • When an electrolyte dissolves in water, it separates into the cations (positive ions) and anions (negative ions) that make up its constituent ions.
  • Anion moves towards the anode whereas cations go in the other direction(cathode). There is a chemical change as a result.
  • These ions move freely into a solution and conduct electricity.

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