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Question

What is the process by which microbes help in making curd, bread dough and idli batter?

A
Distillation
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B
Fermentation
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C
Sedimentation
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D
Fractionation
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Solution

The correct option is B Fermentation
Fermentation is the process by which microorganisms convert carbohydrates into alcohols or other organic acids. This converts the existing raw material into a different food item and also enhances the taste and the flavor. The by-product of fermentation process is the production of gases like carbon dioxide that add a lot of volume to batters and doughs.

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