Explain Hybridization Of Central Atom In Ch4

CH4 = 1 carbon and 4 hydrogen atoms

The type of hybridization involved with Methane (CH4) is sp3.

The shape of an sp3 hybridized orbital is a combination of s and p atomic orbitals.

According to the electron configuration of methane 1s2 2s2 2p2

Each of the four valence electrons on the central atom C – carbon occupies a single sp3 orbital creating four unpaired electrons by forming four sigma bonds with H atoms.

Therefore the steric number of C is four. This implies that the hybridization of the molecule is sp3, where the geometry and the shape are tetrahedral. 

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