Rivers have been of fundamental importance throughout human history. Water from rivers is a basic natural resource, essential for various human activities. Therefore, riverbanks have attracted settlers from ancient times. Using rivers for irrigation, navigation and hydropower generation is of special significance — particularly to a country like India, where agriculture is the major source of livelihood of the majority of its population.
West flowing rivers:
- There are only 2 long West flowing rivers – Narmada and Tapi.
- They flow into the Arabian Sea
- They have a lesser number of tributaries
- Form estuaries
- Carry lesser sediments.
- East flowing rivers:
East flowing rivers:
- Many major rivers Mahanadi, Cauvery, Godavari, Krishna
- They flow into the Bay of Bengal
- Have many tributaries
- Forms Deltas
- Carry larger sediments than West flowing rivers.