Magnetism is classified into five types and they are:
- Diamagnetism: This is exhibited by the diamagnetic materials. This was discovered by Michael Faraday in the year 1845. Copper and lead are examples of diamagnetic materials.
- Paramagnetism: Paramagnetic materials have paramagnetism. These materials have more number of unpaired electrons.
- Ferromagnetism: The ferromagnetic materials have a strong magnetic attraction even in the absence of strong external magnetic field.
- Anti-ferromagnetism: Anti-ferromagnetic materials have electrons pointing in the opposite direction and exhibiting anti-ferromagnetism.
- Ferrimagnetism: Ferrimagnetism is seen in ferrite materials and have magnetism even in the absence of an external magnetic field.