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Universal Gravitation Formula

The law of universal gravitation states that any two objects in the universe attract each other with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

It’s a general Physics law derived from the observations by Isaac Newton. In modern language, the law states: every point mass attracts another single point mass by a force pointing along the line intersecting both the ends.

The universal gravitation formula is given by

Where,

G = universal gravitational constant = 6.673×10-11m3/kgs2

m1m1 = two different masses

r = is the distance between them

Example 1

Determine the gravitational force if two masses are 30kg and 50kg separated by a distance 4m.

G = 6.673×10-11m3/kgs2

Solution:

Given:

m1 = 30 kg, m2 = 50kg,

r = 4m and

G = 6.673×10-11m3/kgs2

Universal gravitation formula is given by,

F = Gm1m2 / r2

  = 6.673×10-11 ×30×30 / 16

F = 375.35 x 10-11N

Example 2

Determine the gravitational force if the mass of two bodies are 80 kg and 200 kg and they are separated by a distance of 6m.

Solution:

Given:

m1 = 80 kg, m2 = 100 kg,

r = 6m and

G = 6.673×10-11m3/kgs2

Universal gravitation formula is given by,

F=Gm1m2 / r2

 =6.673×10-11× 80×200 / 36

F =2965.77×10-11N