# Division

We use all four basic mathematical operations in our daily life. We use division to divide objects, money, and anything into equal parts.

Division is one of the four basic mathematical operations, and a process of equal distribution of any object, thing or money is called division.

Division is repeated subtraction and is the reverse process of multiplication.

## Division of Numbers

The symbol of division is Ã·.

Distribute four chocolates between two children equally.

Sol:

To distribute four chocolates between two children equally, we must divide 4 by 2.

4 Ã· 2 = 2

Therefore, we have to give two chocolates to each child, so that four chocolates between two children will be equally divided.

The number by which we divide is called the divisor.

The number which is to be divided is called the dividend.

The result is called a quotient.

The balance is called the remainder.

18 Ã· 3 = 6

OR

3) 18 (6

18

________

00

_______

Here:

3 is the divisor, 6 is the quotient, 18 is the dividend, 0 is the remainder

A few more examples of division:

4 Ã· 2 = 2

OR

2) 4 (2

4

________

0

_______

15 Ã· 5 = 3

OR

5) 15 (3

15

________

00

_______

30 Ã· 6 = 5

OR

6) 30 (5

30

________

00

________

21 Ã· 3 = 7

OR

3) 21 (7

21

________

00

________

49 Ã· 7 = 7

OR

7) 49 (7

49

________

00

________

42 Ã· 3= 14

OR

3) 42 (14

– 3â†“

â†“

________

12

12

________

00

________

### Division of three-digit numbers by a one-digit number

408 Ã· 4 = 102

OR

4) 408 (102

– 4â†“

________

08

08

________

00

________

930 Ã· 5= 186

OR

5) 930 (186

– 5â†“â†“

________

43 â†“

– 40

________

030

– 30

________

00

________

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