All eight goals had different indicators. The table given below mentions the list of 8 MDGs along with their indicators:

Millennium Development Goal Indicators
1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • The proportion of population living on less than $1 per day;
  • Poverty gap ratio, which is the mean distance below the $1 a day poverty line;
  • Share of the poorest quintile in national consumption.
  • Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age;
  • The proportion of the population below the minimum level of dietary energy consumption.
2 Achieve universal primary education
  • Net enrolment ratio in primary education;
  • The proportion of pupils starting grade 1 and reaching grade 5;
  • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds.
3 Promote gender equality and empower women
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education;
  • Ratio of literate females to males aged 15 to 24;
  • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector;
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
4 Reduce child mortality
  • Under-five mortality rate;
  • Infant mortality rate;
  • Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles.
5 Improve maternal health
  • Maternal mortality ratio;
  • Proportion of births attended by skilled medical personnel.
6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15 to 24;
  • Ratio of condom use to other contraceptive methods;
  • Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS.
7 Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Proportion of land area covered by forest;
  • Ratio of area protected in order to maintain biological diversity to surface area;
  • Energy use (metric ton oil equivalent) per $1 GDP;
  • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs;
  • Proportion of population using solid fuels.
  • Proportion of population (urban and rural) with sustainable access to an improved water source.
8 Develop a global partnership for development
  • Official Development Assistance received in landlocked countries as a proportion of the gross national incomes;
  • Official Development Assistance received in small island developing states as a proportion of their gross national incomes.
  • Unemployment rate of 15 to 24 year olds, for each sex and in total.
  • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis.

Further Reading:

Aspirants can refer to Economics Notes For UPSC for detailed preparation strategy and study material. 

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