What is the purpose of local government in India?

Panchayati Raj Institutions and Municipal bodies are constituted through direct election. The purposes of local government in India are:

  • To build the infrastructure of development like road, transport etc.
  • To build and maintain community assets;
  • To promote agricultural development through management and control of minor irrigation and water management; soil conservation and land improvement; 
  • To promote social forestry and animal husbandry, dairy and poultry; 
  • To promote the development of village industry; and
  • To manage and control education and health at the local level. 

In nutshell, the local bodies are institutions of empowering people for self-government. 

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