What is the full form of FIR?
The full form of FIR is the First Information Report. FIR is a document containing the essential details committed by a criminal offence. It should be observed that FIR is not conclusive evidence of a crime committed by an individual. FIR is the start point for an investigative process for a specific crime.
The content present in the FIR page is listed below.
- FIR file name
- Name of the victim, or name of the person making the complaint
- Offence description
- Time and place of crime
- Witness statements (If any)
- If the offender is identified then the person’s name and description.
Why is FIR Necessary?
FIR assists in the criminal justice process. The cops can commence the investigation only after registration of the FIR. After registration, the content of the FIR can not be altered except by a supreme court or high court decision.
Procedure To File FIR
The process to file an FIR is Stated in section 154 of the Act Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
- When details about a cognizable commission offence are provided orally, it must be written down by police.
- As a person who gives information or makes a complaint, it is your right to claim that the details the cop record are read to you.
- When police record the data, the person who provides the information must sign it.
- You should sign the report after you have verified the details that the police record is as per the information you have provided.
- People who are unable to read or write have to place their left thumb impression on the paper until they are sure it is a valid record.
- If the police are not giving the copy of FIR, always demand the copy. It is your right to receive it with no cost.