What are the characteristics of an air mass?

The following are the characteristics of air mass:

  • It has nearly uniform conditions of temperature and humidity at any given level of altitude.
  • It extends thousands of kilometres across the surface of the Earth and can reach from ground level to the stratosphere.
  • When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions from the source region to a new region.
  • Maritime air masses form over the water and are humid. Continental air masses form over land and are dry.

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