What is the need and importance of the constitution?

Today, most countries in the world have a Constitution. While all democratic countries are likely to have a Constitution, it is not necessary that all countries that have a Constitution are democratic. There can be several purposes for drafting a constitution, they are:

  • To provide a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of society.
  • To specify who has the power to make decisions in a society. It decides how the government will be constituted.
  • To set some limits on what a government can impose on its citizens. These limits are fundamental in the sense that government may never trespass on them.
  • To enable the government to fulfil the aspirations of a society and create conditions for a just society. 

Therefore, it can be understood that the constitution allows coordination and assurance. On the other hand, it can limit the powers of the government. 

Further Reading:

To read more about the Historical Background of the Indian Constitution, check the linked article. 

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