What are quo warranto and certiorari?

Quo warranto:

The words quo warranto means “what is your authority”. It is the writ issued to restrain a person from acting in a public office to which he /she is not entitled. It is issued against the holder of a public office to show to the court under what authority he holds the office.If the court finds that a person is holding office but is not entitled to hold that office, it issues the writ of quo warranto and restricts that person from acting as an office holder

Certiorari:

The term certiorari means “to be informed of what is going”. It is an order to a lower court from a superior court to transfer the matter to it or to any other court for deciding the matter. This writ has much in common with a Writ of Prohibition. The only difference between the two is, a writ of prohibition is issued to prevent an inferior court or tribunal to go ahead with the trial of a case in which it has assumed excess of jurisdiction, a writ of certiorari is issued to quash the order passed by an inferior court or tribunal in excess of jurisdiction.

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