What are the principal functions of the executive?

The principal functions of the executive are as follows:

  • The executive is the branch of government responsible for the implementation of laws and policies adopted by the legislature. 
  • The executive is often involved in the framing of policy. 
  • The official designations of the executive vary from country to country. 
  • Some countries have presidents, while others have chancellors. 
  • The executive branch is not just about presidents, prime ministers and ministers. It also extends to the administrative machinery (civil servants).
  • While the heads of government and their ministers, saddled with the overall responsibility of government policy, are together known as the political executive, those responsible for the day-to-day administration are called the permanent executive.

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