What are the types of Directive Principles?

Directive principles stated in the Constitution are of different types. Some are concerned with socio-economic development, some are related to Gandhian thought, and some to foreign policy. The Constitution does not classify them under different heads, but for our better understanding, we may classify them under the following categories. They are

  • Principles promoting social and economic equality: 
      • The state should ensure for its people adequate means of livelihood.
      • The state should ensure fair distribution of the material resources of the country for the common good.
      • The state should distribute the wealth in such a way that the wealth is not concentrated in a few hands.
      • There should be equal pay for equal work for both men and women. 
      • The state is directed to take steps to impart compulsory and free education to children up to the age of 14 years.
      • The state should try to secure the participation of workers in the management of the factory.
  • Principles related to Gandhian thought:
      • To organize village Panchayats. 
      • To promote cottage industries in rural areas. 
      • To prohibit intoxicating drinks and drugs that are injurious to health. 
      • To preserve and improve the breeds of the cattle and prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and drought animals.
  • Principles related to International peace and security:
      • Promote international peace and security. 
      • Maintain just and honourable relations between nations.
      • Foster respect for international laws and treaty obligations.
      • Encourage settlements of international disputes by mutual agreement.
  • Miscellaneous Principles:
    • To secure for all Indians a uniform civil code. 
    • To protect historical monuments.
    • To save the environment from pollution and protect wildlife. 
    • To make arrangements for disbursement of free legal justice through suitable legislation.

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