How many biodiversity hotspots are there in the world?

Around the world, 36 areas qualify as biodiversity hotspots. Their intact habitats represent just 2.5% of Earth’s land surface, but they support more than half of the world’s plant species and nearly 43% of bird, mammal, reptile and amphibian species as endemics. 

Of these 36 hotspots, four are located in India. Given below are the same:

  • The Himalayas
  • Indo-Burma Region
  • The Western Ghats
  • Sundaland

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