What does Part 4 of the Constitution contain?

Part IV of the Constitution of India (Article 36–51) contains the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP). These principles aim at ensuring socio-economic justice to the people and establishing India as a Welfare State. After colonial rule for almost two hundred years, the country and the society was left with widespread poverty, hunger and deep rooted socio-economic inequalities. The framers of the Constitution felt that certain policy directions, guidelines or instructions for the governance of the country were required to handle these problems. Legislature, executive and administration of Independent India were expected to exercise their powers in accordance with the direction and guidelines given in this part of the Constitution.

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