Some factors influencing rural settlements are :
- Water Supply: Usually rural settlements are located near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and springs where water can be easily obtained.
- Land: People choose to settle near fertile lands suitable for agriculture.
- Upland: Upland which is not prone to flooding was chosen to prevent damage to houses and loss of life.
- Building Material: The availability of building materials- wood, stone near settlements is another advantage. Early villages were built in forest clearings where wood was plentiful.
- Defence: During times of political instability, war, the hostility of neighbouring groups villages were built on defensive hills and islands.
- Planned Settlements: Sites that are not spontaneously chosen by villagers themselves, planned settlements are constructed by governments by providing shelter, water and other infrastructures on acquired lands.