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Who designed the first Indian National Flag?

  • The first National Flag was designed by Sister Nivedita in 1904.
  • She designed the flag with dual colours of yellow and red with a symbol of Vajra, a weapon of Lord Indra. The red and yellow colours stood for freedom and victory, whereas the Vajra symbolized strength.
  • .A ‘white lotus’ was placed in the centre, signifying purity. The Bengali word “Bonde Mataram” was also written on it.

    • Sister Nivedita hailed from Ireland, and was a disciple of Swami Vivekananda.
    • Also known as Nivedita’s Vajra Flag, it was displayed in an exhibition at the Calcutta Congress in 1906.
    • However, the Flag did not find enough recognition and is preserved in the Acharya Bhavan Museum, Kolkata.

    The National Flag

    • The National Flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1921.
    • It was a tricolour Flag with Saffron, White, and Green, with the Ashok Chakra at the centre.
    • The National Flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947.
    • It was created according to the Flag Code of India, in an aspect ratio of 3:2.

    Further Reading:

    Find more related IAS Questions in the linked article.

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    July 22, 1947

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    National Anthem of India

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    National flower of India


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