Why are Biodiversity Hotspots important?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity, but at the same time, it is also threatened with destruction. Biodiversity hotspots are important for a balanced ecosystem. Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth. Without species, there would be no air to breathe, no food to eat, no water to drink. There would be no human society at all. The entire ecological life support relies upon the co-existence of living and natural resources.  

As of 2021, there are 36 Biodiversity hotspots in the world, of which four are located in regions of India. 

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