What is the full form of BMD?
The full form of BMD is Bone Mineral Density. It leads to an X-ray test that determines the density, e.g., mineral density in your bones. It indicates how many grams (g) per unit volume of your bone is packaged with calcium & other minerals. This examination shows the strength & health of your bones. Typically, the test is performed on people at risk of mild bone loss and severe bone loss.
Method of performing BMD
It is a non-invasive, painless procedure that needs no prescription. It requires low radiation exposure, and throughout the test, you are supposed to lie on a table or bench. There seem to be two kinds of scans for bone density,
In this type of scan, the torso’s hip, spine, or other bones are scanned by an X-ray machine.
In this type of scan, the forearm, finger, wrist, or heel bones are scanned by an X-ray machine.
Why is the BMD examination carried out?
The BMD test is performed to identify the
- Loss of bone density before you have a bone fracture.
- Diagnosis of Osteoporosis (Severe bone loss).
- The control of osteoporosis treatment.
When does the doctor suggest the BMD test?
The BMD test is prescribed as a preventive bone density clinical diagnosis by a doctor under the following criteria:
- An X-ray that shows a bone loss in the spine
- Back pain in your spine with a probable fracture or bone loss
- In one year, the height decreases by half or even more inch
- Long-term steroid usage, which can reduce bone density
- The bone-rebuilding process can be influenced after an organ or bone marrow transplant as anti-rejection drugs
- Postmenopausal females at 50 years or more in age.
- Most women above the age of 65 are more sensitive to injuries.