BMD Full Form

What is the full form of BMD?

The full form of BMD is Bone Mineral Density. It leads to an X-ray test that determines the density, e.g., mineral density in your bones. It indicates how many grams (g) per unit volume of your bone is packaged with calcium & other minerals. This examination shows the strength & health of your bones. Typically, the test is performed on people at risk of mild bone loss and severe bone loss.

Method of performing BMD

It is a non-invasive, painless procedure that needs no prescription. It requires low radiation exposure, and throughout the test, you are supposed to lie on a table or bench. There seem to be two kinds of scans for bone density,

Central DXA

In this type of scan, the torso’s hip, spine, or other bones are scanned by an X-ray machine.

Peripheral DXA

In this type of scan, the forearm, finger, wrist, or heel bones are scanned by an X-ray machine.

Why is the BMD examination carried out?

The BMD test is performed to identify the

  • Loss of bone density before you have a bone fracture.
  • Diagnosis of Osteoporosis (Severe bone loss).
  • The control of osteoporosis treatment.

When does the doctor suggest the BMD test?

The BMD test is prescribed as a preventive bone density clinical diagnosis by a doctor under the following criteria:

  • An X-ray that shows a bone loss in the spine
  • Back pain in your spine with a probable fracture or bone loss
  • In one year, the height decreases by half or even more inch
  • Long-term steroid usage, which can reduce bone density
  • The bone-rebuilding process can be influenced after an organ or bone marrow transplant as anti-rejection drugs
  • Postmenopausal females at 50 years or more in age.
  • Most women above the age of 65 are more sensitive to injuries.


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