What are longitudes and latitudes?

The latitudes and longitudes are commonly referred to as geographical coordinates. They provide a systematic network of lines upon which the position of various surface features of the earth, can be represented. With the help of these coordinates, the location, distance and direction of various points can be easily determined.

  • Latitudes: All parallel circles from the equator up to the poles are called parallels of latitudes. Latitudes are measured in degrees. 
  • Longitudes: The vertical lines running north-south, join the two poles. They are called the meridians of longitude. They are spaced farthest apart at the equator and converge at a point at each pole.

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