The Ninety-Seventh Amendment Act of 2011 gave constitutional status and protection to cooperative societies. In this context, it made the following three changes in the constitution:
- It made the right to form cooperative societies a fundamental right (Article 19).
- It included a new Directive Principle of State Policy on the promotion of cooperative societies (Article 43B).
- It added a new Part IX-B in the constitution, which is entitled “The Cooperative Societies” (Article 243-ZH to 243-ZT).