What was the forward policy of Lord Lytton?

The forward policy followed under the Viceroyalty of Lord Lytton was a set of foreign policies applicable to territorial ambitions and disputes in which emphasis was placed on securing control of targeted territories by invasion and annexation or by the political creation of compliant buffer states.

It became the standard policy during the Great Game, a period where the Russian and British Empire both tried to control Afghanistan either through military or political means. Lord Lytton was criticized for his aggressive pursuit of this policy as it put economic pressure on British India.

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