NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 15 - Light

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 Light solution is provided here. In this chapter, students will learn about light, the reflection of light and much more. To score good marks in Class 7 Science examinations, students should try to solve the questions provided at the end of each chapter with the help of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science. Solving NCERT questions provided at the end of each chapter will help you to know about the chapter in a very detailed way.

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Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called ____________.

(b) Image formed by a convex __________ is always virtual and smaller in size.

(c) An image formed by a __________ mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a _________ image.

(e) An image formed by a concave ___________ cannot be obtained on a screen.

Solution:

(a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called virtual image.

(b) Image formed by a convex mirror is always virtual and smaller in size.

(c) An image formed by a plane mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a real image.

(e) An image formed by a concave lens cannot be obtained on a screen.

2. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(a) We can obtain an enlarged and erect image by a convex mirror. (T/F)

(b) A concave lens always form a virtual image. (T/F)

(c) We can obtain a real, enlarged and inverted image by a concave mirror. (T/F)

(d) A real image cannot be obtained on a screen. (T/F)

(e) A concave mirror always form a real image. (T/F)

Solution:

a) False

b) True

c) True

d) False

e) False

3. Match the items given in Column I with one or more items of Column II.

Column-I Column-II
(a) A plane mirror (i) Used as a magnifying glass
(b) A convex mirror (ii) Can form image of objects spread over a large area.
(c) A convex lens (iii) Used by dentists to see enlarged image of teeth.
(d) A concave mirror (iv) The image is always inverted and magnified
(e) A concave lens (v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.
(vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

Solution:

Column-I Column-II
(a) A plane mirror (v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.
(b) A convex mirror (ii) Can form an image of objects spread over a large area.
(c) A convex lens (i) Used as a magnifying glass
(d) A concave mirror (iii) Used by dentists to see an enlarged image of teeth.
(e) A concave lens (vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

4. State the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror

Solution:

Characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror are as follows:

  • Image distance and object distance are equal
  • Size of object and image are equal
  • The image formed is erect and virtual
  • Images are laterally inverted

5. Find out the letters of English alphabet or any other language known to you in which the image formed in a plane mirror appears exactly like the letter itself. Discuss your findings.

Solution:

A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X, Y alphabets form images in a plane mirror exactly like the letter itself because these alphabets are laterally symmetric.

6. What is a virtual image? Give one situation where a virtual image is formed.

Solution:

The image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called a virtual image. The image formed by a plane mirror is virtual.

7. State two differences between a convex and a concave lens.

Solution:

Convex Lens Concave Lens
Thick in the middle and thin at the edge Thin in the middle and thick at the edge
Image formed is real or virtual Image formed is virtual

8. Give one use each of a concave and a convex mirror.

Solution:

Concave mirrors are used in the headlights of cars and scooters.

Convex mirrors are used as side-view mirrors in vehicles.

9. Which type of mirror can form a real image?

Solution:

The concave mirror can form a real image.

10. Which type of lens forms always a virtual image?

Solution:

Concave lens form a virtual image.

Choose the correct option in questions 11–13

11. A virtual image larger than the object can be produced by a

(i) concave lens (ii) concave mirror

(iii) convex mirror (iv) plane mirror

Solution:

The answer is (ii) concave mirror

12. David is observing his image in a plane mirror. The distance between the mirror and his image is 4 m. If he moves 1 m towards the mirror, then the distance between David and his image will be

(i) 3 m (ii) 5 m

(iii) 6 m (iv) 8 m

Solution:

The answer is (iii) 6 m

13. The rear view mirror of a car is a plane mirror. A driver is reversing his car at a speed of 2 m/s. The driver sees in his rear view mirror the image of a truck parked behind his car. The speed at which the image of the truck appears to approach the driver will be

(i) 1 m/s (ii) 2 m/s

(iii) 4 m/s (iv) 8 m/s

Solution:

The answer is (iii) 4 m/s

Important topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 Light

1 Light Travels Along A Straight Line
2 Reflection Of Light
3 Right Or Left!
4 Playing With Spherical Mirrors
5 Images Formed By Lenses
6 Sunlight — White Or Coloured?

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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15

List out the important topics covered in the Chapter 15 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.

The important topics covered in the Chapter 15 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science are –
1. Light Travels Along A Straight Line
2. Reflection Of Light
3. Right Or Left!
4. Playing With Spherical Mirrors
5. Images Formed By Lenses
6. Sunlight — White Or Coloured?

What are the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror covered in the Chapter 15 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science?

The characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror covered in the Chapter 15 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science are –
1. The object and image distance are equal.
2. The size of object and image are equal.
3. The image formed is virtual and erect.
4. The images are laterally inverted.

What is the advantage of using the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 acts as a helping hand for the students under the CBSE board. Solving the textbook questions along with these solutions helps students to perform well in the annual exam. Each and every question is solved in an accurate manner to make the concepts simpler for the students to understand. Various charts and graphs are also included in the solutions to provide a better learning experience for the students. The faculty at BYJU’S creates the solutions as per the latest syllabus and guidelines of the CBSE board.

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