NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 – Free PDF Download
*According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 7.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants is one of the important study materials for the students of Class 7. In Class 7, students are introduced to lots of new concepts which are essential to understand the topics that will be later taught in Class 8. To score good marks in the Class 7 Science examinations, students should refer to the NCERT Solutions while solving the exercise questions present at the end of each chapter.
Here, we have provided the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 in PDF for better accessibility, understanding and clarification, along with the practice papers, worksheets and revision notes. These solutions are prepared by expert subject teachers keeping in mind the understanding capabilities of all kinds of students. Access the free PDF of Chapter 11 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science from the link provided below.
Download the PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants
Access Answers to NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants
1. Match structures given in Column I with functions given in Column II.
|(i) Stomata||(a) Absorption of water|
|(ii) Xylem||(b) Transpiration|
|(iii) Root hairs||(c) Transport of food|
|(iv) Phloem||(d) Transport of water|
|(e) Synthesis of carbohydrates|
|(i) Stomata||(b) Transpiration|
|(ii) Xylem||(d) Transport of water|
|(iii) Root hairs||(a) Absorption of water|
|(iv) Phloem||(c) Transport of food|
2. Fill in the blanks.
(i) The blood from the heart is transported to all parts of the body by the _____________.
(ii) Haemoglobin is present in _____________ cells.
(iii) Arteries and veins are joined by a network of _____________.
(iv) The rhythmic expansion and contraction of the heart is called the _____________.
(v) The main excretory product in human beings is _____________.
(vi) Sweat contains water and _____________.
(vii) Kidneys eliminate the waste materials in the liquid form called _____________.
(viii) Water reaches great heights in the trees because of suction pull caused by _____________.
(i) The blood from the heart is transported to all parts of the body by the arteries.
(ii) Haemoglobin is present in red blood cells.
(iii) Arteries and veins are joined by a network of capillaries.
(iv) The rhythmic expansion and contraction of the heart is called the heartbeat.
(v) The main excretory product in human beings is urea.
(vi) Sweat contains water and salts.
(vii) Kidneys eliminate the waste materials in the liquid form called urine.
(viii) Water reaches great heights in the trees because of suction pull caused by transpiration.
3. Choose the correct option:
(a) In plants, water is transported through
(iv) root hair
(b) Water absorption through roots can be increased by keeping the plants
(i) in the shade
(ii) in dim light
(iii) under the fan
(iv) covered with a polythene bag
a) i) xylem
b) iii) under the fan
4. Why is the transport of materials necessary in a plant or in an animal? Explain.
Transport of materials is necessary for both plants and animals as every cell needs a regular supply of nutrients and oxygen to release energy through respiration.
The food that we eat is broken down into smaller components to be absorbed by cells. The oxygen we inhale also has to be transported to all the cells of the body. Our body also requires the constant removal of waste materials such as carbon dioxide.
For the transport of all these materials (nutrients, oxygen and waste products), our body has a specialised transport system.
Similarly, in plants, the transport of water and food is accomplished with the help of vascular tissues (xylem and the phloem).
5. What will happen if there are no platelets in the blood?
If there are no platelets, then blood will not clot as platelets release blood clotting factor at the site of injury and stop further bleeding.
6. What are stomata? Give two functions of stomata.
Tiny pores present on the leaf surface are known as stomata.
Functions of stomata
- It helps in the exchange of gases
- Evaporation of water through leaves occurs due to stomata.
7. Does transpiration serve any useful function in plants? Explain.
Transpiration serves the following functions in plants
- It helps in lowering the temperature of plants, thus preventing heat injury to plants.
- It helps in transpiration pull, which helps in raining water on higher plants.
- It also causes loss of water absorbed by plants.
8. What are the components of blood?
The components of blood are red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma.
9. Why is blood needed by all the parts of a body?
Blood is a significant part of the transport system in our body, and we need blood for the following reasons:
- For the transport of oxygen to all parts of our body
- To expel carbon dioxide from our body
- To transmit heat, thus helping in the regulation of body temperature.
- It is required to fight out infections and diseases.
10. What makes the blood look red?
The presence of a red pigment called haemoglobin in red blood cells (RBC) makes the blood appear red.
11. Describe the function of the heart.
The heart is an organ which beats continuously to act as a pump for the transport of blood, which carries other substances with it. The heart has four chambers. The two upper chambers are called the atria (singular: atrium), and the two lower chambers are called the ventricles. The partition between the chambers helps to avoid mixing up blood-rich in oxygen with the blood-rich in carbon dioxide. Blood flows from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart, from where it is pumped to the rest of the body.
12. Why is it necessary to excrete waste products?
When the cells in the body perform their functions, certain waste products are released. These are toxic and hence need to be removed from the body.
13. Draw a diagram of the human excretory system and label the various parts.
Class 7 Science NCERT Solutions Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants
Students studying in Class 7 are advised to follow good study materials. NCERT textbooks are one of the most preferred study materials for the 7th standard students. They provide precise and well-defined explanations of all concepts with visual aid and experiments. Referring to the Science NCERT Solutions for Class 7 will be beneficial for students to answer the textbook exercises and annual exams.
Introduction of NCERT Class 7 Science Chapter 11 – Transportation in Animals and Plants
Chapter 11, Transportation in Animals and Plants, deals with the transport of food, water and gases to various parts of the body. Along with these, the transport of waste products towards the kidney and intestine is introduced in detail in Chapter 11 of the Class 7 CBSE Science textbook. This entire system of transportation is termed the circulatory system. Learn more about these concepts in detail by accessing the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.
Important Topics Covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants
- Circulatory System
- The Excretory System in Animals
- The Transportation System in Plants
To score good marks in the examination, students should also practise Class 7 Previous Years’ Science Question Papers and sample papers. Solving previous years’ question papers and sample papers will help the students to know about the types of questions asked in the examination and the marking scheme.
Keep visiting BYJU’S for the latest updates and notifications. At BYJU’S, we also provide NCERT notes, books, exemplar problems and chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for each subject for Classes 1 to 12.
Students are advised to solve the textbook questions thoroughly before appearing for the annual exam. The doubts which arise during class hours can also be clarified by using the solutions designed by the expert faculty at BYJU’S. Moreover, students will enhance their self-learning abilities, which will help them to understand new concepts and build a strong foundation of basic topics.
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 11
What are the functions of transpiration in plants discussed in Chapter 11 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science?
1. The temperature is lowered in plants which prevent heat injury.
2. Transpiration pull occurs where the rainwater is stored in higher plants.
3. It also causes loss of water which is absorbed by plants.
Students can understand this concept in a better way by referring to the solutions available at BYJU’S. Both the chapter-wise and exercise-wise formats of solutions are available here, which can be used by the students as per their needs.
What is the function of the heart explained in Chapter 11 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science?
What are the components of blood explained in Chapter 11 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science?
1. Red Blood Cells (RBC)
2. White Blood Cells (WBC)