NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 12

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 12 PDF Free Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12 – Reproduction in Plants is one of the important and interesting topics you come across in CBSE Class 7. The NCERT solutions that we are presenting for grade 7 have been framed to help students in learning and practicing questions and different concepts related to reproduction in plants.

The NCERT solutions for chapter 12 of class 7 science given here contains solved exercises along with suitable examples that will helps students to prepare well for exams. The solutions include both objective (MCQs) and long and short type of questions related to this chapter and it further gives an idea about the exam pattern and marking scheme of the paper.

Introduction to NCERT Solutions Class 7 Science Reproduction in Plants

Besides, this 12th chapter is quite important, so BYJU’S tailored perfect study materials to understand the concepts of Plant reproduction and to score well in the examination. These notes / worksheets covers the most import topics like types of reproduction, how plants reproduce, seed formation, seed dispersal, etc.

What is Reproduction in Plant?

The production of new offspring from parents is known as reproduction. But reproduction in plants is a new concept for students of 7th standard. This Chapter introduces the mode of reproduction in plants. Going further this topic shed knowledge on sexual reproduction, fruits and seed formation and seed dispersal. NCERT textbook has 4 sub-topics under plant reproduction chapter which are listed below.

  1. Modes of plant reproduction
  2. Sexual reproduction in plants
  3. Formation of fruits and seeds
  4. Dispersal of seeds

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science chapter 12 is solved and reviewed by the specialized team of our subject experts and are framed as per CBSE board of education syllabus (2018-2019). Besides, these solutions are available in PDF format and students can either study online or download as well as practice various questions on this topic using the solutions. Class 7 NCERT Solutions for Reproduction in Plants PDF will help students to understand the concept clearly and study effectively.

NCERT Class 7 Science Chapter 12 Question & Answers

Q.1.Fill in the blanks:

a) The new individuals which are produced of from the vegetative part of parent is called ______

b) Either male or female reproductive parts may be present in flowers. Such a flower is called______

c) Pollen grains which are transferred to the stigma from the anther of the same or of another flower of the same kind is known as_______

d) The fusion of male and female gametes is termed as_______

e) The dispersal of seeds takes place by means of ________and _________

Ans. (a) vegetative reproduction (b) unisexual flower (c) pollination (d) fertilization (e) wind, water  


Q.2. Describe the different methods of asexual reproduction. Give examples.


The different methods of asexual reproduction are:

(a)Binary Fission: Unicellular organisms undergoes this process. Elongation of parent cell takes place and division of two identical daughter cells takes place. Each daughter cell develops into an independent adult.

(b)Endospore Formation: Endospore is formed in which the spore wall is formed around a bacterial cell. Under favourable conditions, this endospore germinates to form an active bacterium.


Augmentation: It is a process in which the body of the organism splits into two parts. A new filament is formed from each part thus forming two organisms from a single organism.

(d)Spore formation: Spores which are tiny spherical unicellular structures which are protected by a thick wall. The spores are stored in a hard outer covering and this is called sporangium. The hardcover breaks and spores spread for germination under favourable conditions.

(e)Budding: In yeast, new organisms are produced by bud formation from the parent organism. After attaining its full size, the bud gets detached and forms a new independent individual.

(f)Vegetative propagation: When vegetative parts of a plant like stems, leaves, and root etc., gives rise to new ones, then it is called vegetative propagation.


Q.3.Explain what you understand by sexual reproduction.

Ans. The process of reproduction involving two parents is called sexual reproduction. The male gamete and female gamete fuse to form a zygote which mainly takes place in higher plants. Individuals which are formed from this zygote are not identical to each other. The characteristics of both the parent are inherited to the offspring. After the process of sexual reproduction both the parents survive.


Q.4.State the main difference between asexual and sexual reproduction.


              Asexual reproduction                Sexual reproduction
(a)Involvement of only one parent plant takes place.


(b)Takes place only in unisexual plants.


(c)Occurs in lower plants.


(d)Reproductive organs are absent.



(e)Original parent disappears in most of the method.


(f)Gamete formation or fertilization does not take place.


(g)Characteristic of only one parent is inherited.


(h)Seeds are not needed.

(a)Involvement of both male and female parents takes place


(b)Takes place only in bisexual plants.


(c)Occurs in higher plants.


(d)Reproductive organs are present which are fully developed.


(e)After the process of reproduction original parts remains alive.


(f)Gamete fertilization gives rise to azygote.


(g)Both the parents Characteristic are inherited.


(h)Seeds are needed to get new plants.


Q.5.Explain the different between self-pollination and cross-pollination.


               Self-Pollination                      Cross-pollination
(a) Transfer of pollen grains to the stigma of the same flower takes place.


(b) Takes place in bisexual plants in which anther and stigma mature at the same time.


(c) It occurs in plants like wheat,

peas etc.

(a) Transfer of pollen grains to the stigma of other flower takes place.


(b) Takes place in bisexual plants in which anther and stigma mature at different times,


(c) It occurs in plants like ladyfinger, tomato, brinjal etc.


Q.6.Sketch the reproductive parts of a flower.



Q.7.Describe the various ways by which seeds are dispersed.

Ans. The various ways in which seeds are dispersed are:

(i) The hairy, dry and small seeds like that of madar are carried away by the wind to different places.

(ii) The seeds are carried away by sticking on the animals and flies which are spiny like that of Xanthium.

(iii) Heavy plant seeds like that of coconut are dispersed by water which acts as a dispersing agent.

(iv) The seeds are dispersed by fruit bursts like in the case of balsam and castor.


Q.8.How does the process of fertilization take place in flowers?

Ans. The pollen tube of the stigma starts to grow when the pollen grain reaches the stigma and it continues to grow inside the style till it reaches the ovule. When it reaches the ovule the male cells are released and fertilization with female egg cell takes place and zygote is formed. The ovule develops into seed and the ovary into fruit after fertilization.


Q.9.Match items in column I with those in column II

                      Column I                          Column II
  (a) Bud

  (b) Eyes

  (c) Fragmentation

  (d) wings





(iv)Bread mold




                      Column I                        Column II
(a) Bud









(iv)Bread mold


Q.10.Tick the correct answer:

(i)The reproduction part of a plant is the

(a)leaf  (b)stem  (c)root  (d)flower

(ii)The process of fusion of the male and the female gametes is called

(a)fertilization  (b)pollination (c)reproduction (d)seed formation

(iii)Mature ovary forms the

(a)Seed (b)Stamen (c)pistil (d)fruit

(iv)A spore production plant is

(a)rose (b)bread mold (c)potato (d)ginger

(v)Bryophyllum can be reproduced by its

(a)stem (b)leaves (c)roots (d) flower

Ans. (i) d. flower, (ii) a. fertilization, (iii) d. fruit, (iv) b. bread mold, (v) b. leaves

Why to Choose BYJU’S for NCERT Solutions?

BYJU’s was created with a vision to offer world class learning content for aspiring students who want to do well in exams. With noble aim, the solutions that we provide have been designed to boost every student’s learning capabilities. The NCERT solutions which is a part of many solutions that we offer on our website has been thoughtfully developed to help students make the most out of it.

BYJU’S NCERT solutions for class 7 science offers several benefits to students who want to crack their exams. They can practice and revise the different topics right from their homes by downloading the chapter-wise PDFs. Students can also access these solutions from anywhere if they have internet connection.They can further customize their learning experience and go through or solve all the questions at their own pace.

In addition to these solutions, BYJU’s offers some of the top subject experts with relevant experience to guide students and learn the subject in a more engaging, easy, detailed and clear manner. Students are also provided regular feedback regarding the performance of the students. We also have a responsive support team and students can approach them to clear all their doubts. Meanwhile, students can also have a glimpse of BYJU’s – The Learning app for a more efficient as well fun learning experience.

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