*According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 8.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12 – Reproduction in Plants is one of the important and interesting topics you will come across in CBSE Class 7. The NCERT Solutions that we are presenting for grade 7 have been framed to help students learn and practise questions and different concepts related to reproduction in plants.
The NCERT Solutions for Chapter 12 of Class 7 Science given here contains solved exercises along with suitable examples that will help students prepare well for the exams. The solutions include both objective (MCQs) and long and short type of questions related to this chapter, and it further gives an idea about the exam pattern and marking scheme of the paper.
Access Answers of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12 Reproduction in Plants
1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) Production of new individuals from the vegetative part of parent is called_____________.
(b) A flower may have either male or female reproductive parts. Such a flower is called_____________.
(c) The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same or of another flower of the same kind is known as _____________.
(d) The fusion of male and female gametes is termed as _____________.
(e) Seed dispersal takes place by means of _____________, _____________ and _____________.
(a) Production of new individuals from the vegetative part of parent is called vegetative propagation.
(b) A flower may have either male or female reproductive parts. Such a flower is called unisexual flower.
(c) The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same or of another flower of the same kind is known as Pollination.
(d) The fusion of male and female gametes is termed as fertilisation.
(e) Seed dispersal takes place by means of wind, water and animals.
2. Describe the different methods of asexual reproduction. Give examples.
Different methods of asexual reproduction are as follows:
In this asexual reproduction, new plants are produced from roots, stems, leaves and buds of the individual plant.
Examples – Tuber of potato, the rhizome of ginger.
The bud is a small projection which gradually grows and gets detached from the parent cell and forms a new yeast cell. The new yeast cell grows, matures and produces more yeast cells.
Example – Yeast.
In this mode of reproduction, the growth and multiplication are done by rapidly breaking down into two or more fragments. Each fragment grows into new individuals when water and nutrients are available.
Example – Algae
This reproduction is done by spores which, under favourable conditions, germinate and develop into a new individual.
Examples – Fungi like Rhizopus, Mucor, etc.
It is a type of asexual reproduction where the unicellular organism splits to form new organisms. There are two types of fission which are,
- Binary fission
- Multiple fission
Unicellular organisms that undergo binary fission are amoeba, paramecium, leishmania, etc.
Plasmodium undergoes the process of multiple fission.
3. Explain what you understand by sexual reproduction.
Sexual reproduction is a method where male and female gametes fuse to form a new individual. In plants, stamens and pistils are male and female reproductive organs which bear the anthers and ovary, respectively.
4. State the main difference between asexual and sexual reproduction.
|Asexual reproduction||Sexual reproduction|
|It requires only one parent||Requires a male and female parent|
|Daughter cells formed are identical to parents and to each other.||Newly formed offsprings show variations in comparison to the parents.|
|Special reproductive organs are not required||Special reproductive organs are required|
|Ex: Yeast, rose, jasmine||Ex: Insects, animals|
5. Sketch the reproductive parts of a flower.
6. Explain the difference between self-pollination and cross-pollination.
|In self-pollination, pollen grains are transferred from the anther to the stigma of the same flower.||In cross-pollination, pollen grains are transferred from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower of the same kind.|
|Self-pollination occurs only in bisexual flowers||It occurs in both unisexual and bisexual flowers|
7. How does the process of fertilisation take place in flowers?
The process of fusion of male and female gametes (to form a zygote) is called fertilisation. The zygote develops into an embryo, and the embryo undergoes mitotic cell division to form seeds.
8. Describe the various ways by which seeds are dispersed.
Seeds and fruits of plants are carried away by the wind, water and animals. Winged seeds such as those of drumstick and maple, light seeds of grasses or hairy seeds of aak (Madar) and hairy fruit of the sunflower get blown off with the wind to faraway places. Some seeds are dispersed by water. These fruits or seeds usually develop floating ability in the form of a spongy or fibrous outer coat as in coconut. Some seeds are dispersed by animals, especially spiny seeds with hooks which get attached to the bodies of animals and are carried to distant places. Examples are Xanthium and Urena. Some seeds are dispersed when the fruits burst with sudden jerks. The seeds are scattered far from the parent plant. This happens in the case of castor and balsam.
9. Match items in Column I with those in Column II: Column I Column II
|(a) Bud||(i) Maple|
|(b) Eyes||(ii) Spirogyra|
|(c) Fragmentation||(iii) Yeast|
|(d) Wings||(iv) Bread mould|
|(e) Spores||(v) Potato|
|(a) Bud||(iii) Yeast|
|(b) Eyes||(v) Potato|
|(c) Fragmentation||(ii) Spirogyra|
|(d) Wings||(i) Maple|
|(e) Spores||(iv) Bread mould|
10. Tick the correct answer:
(a) The reproductive part of a plant is the
(i) leaf (ii) stem (iii) root (iv) flower
(b) The process of fusion of the male and the female gametes is called
(i) fertilisation (ii) pollination (iii) reproduction (iv) seed formation
(c) Mature ovary forms the
(i) seed (ii) stamen (iii) pistil (iv) fruit
(d) A spore-producing organism is
(i) rose (ii) bread mould (iii) potato (iv) ginger
(e) Bryophyllum can reproduce by its
(i) stem (ii) leaves (iii) roots (iv) flower
a) (iv) flower
b) (i) fertilization
c) (iv) fruit
d) (ii) bread mould
e) (ii) leaves
Introduction to NCERT Solutions Class 7 Science Reproduction in Plants
The 12th chapter is quite important, so we have tailored perfect study materials for students to understand the concepts of plant reproduction and score well in the examination. These notes cover the most important topics like types of reproduction, how plants reproduce, seed formation, seed dispersal, etc.
About Reproduction in Plants
The production of new offspring from parents is known as reproduction. Reproduction in plants is a new concept for students of 7th standard. This chapter introduces the mode of reproduction in plants. Going further, this topic sheds knowledge on sexual reproduction, fruits and seed formation and seed dispersal.
BYJU’S was created with a vision to offer world-class learning content for aspiring students who want to do well in exams. With the noble aim, the solutions that we provide have been designed to boost every student’s learning capabilities. The NCERT Solutions, which are a part of many solutions that we offer on our website, have been thoughtfully developed to help students make the most out of them.
BYJU’S NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science offers several benefits to students who want to crack their exams. They can practise and revise the different topics right from their homes by downloading the chapter-wise PDFs. Students can also access these solutions from anywhere if they have an internet connection. They can further customise their learning experience and go through or solve all the questions at their own pace.
In addition to these solutions, BYJU’S offers top subject experts with relevant experience to guide students and help them learn the subject in a more engaging, easy, detailed and clear manner. Students are also provided with regular feedback on their performance. We also have a responsive support team, and students can approach them to clear all their doubts. Meanwhile, students can also have a glimpse of BYJU’S – The Learning App for a more efficient as well as fun learning experience.
Important topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12 Reproduction in Plants
- Sexual reproduction in plants
- Formation of fruits and seeds
- Dispersal of seeds
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12
Explain sexual reproduction in plants from Chapter 12 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.
Do the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12 provide accurate answers?
List the important topics covered in the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 12.
1. Sexual reproduction in plants
2. Formation of fruits and seeds
3. Dispersal of seeds
Students can get a grip on this chapter by referring to the solutions created by the faculty at BYJU’S. Each and every answer is created as per the latest syllabus of the CBSE board to help students score well in the annual exam.