NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 9

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 9 PDF Free Download

The NCERT solutions class 7 Science chapter 9 Soil is one of the important topics for the students of 7th standard. The solutions for soil are provided here to help students not only clear their doubts easily but also to understand the chapter in an easy and more effective way.

Class 7 Science NCERT Solutions – Chapter 9 Soil

The soil has massive applications; knowing more details about soil will help the students to face the exam confidently and to score good marks in the CBSE class 7 examination. We present various true and false, MCQ type questions regarding classification of changes. Here, the chapter-wise solutions are also available in PDF format which students can access and download easily.

Chapter 9 Soil is subdivided into 7 topics which are listed below:

  1. Soil teeming with life
  2. Soil profile
  3. Soil types
  4. Properties of soil
  5. Moisture in soil
  6. Absorption of water by soil
  7. Soil and crops

Soil Class 7 Extra Questions and Answers

Question 1. In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains

(i) water and plants

(ii) water, air, and plants

(iii) minerals, organic matter, air, and water

(iv) air and water

Answer: (iii)

The soil contains minerals, organic matter, air, and water in addition to rock particles.

Question 2.Which soil has the highest water holding capacity

(i) loamy soil

(ii) clayey soil

(iii) sandy soil

(iv) the mixture of sand and loam

Answer: (ii)

Clayey soil has the highest water holding capacity.

Question 3. Match following:

Column I Column II
(i) A home for living organisms (a) Large Particles
(ii) The upper layer of the soil (b) All kinds of soil
(iii) Sandy soil (c) Dark in color
(iv) The middle layer of the soil (d) Small particles and packed tight
(v) Clayey Soil (e) The lesser amount of humus


Column I Column II
(i) A home for living organisms (a) All kinds of soil
(ii) The upper layer of the soil (b) Dark in color
(iii) Sandy soil (c) Large Particles
(iv) The middle layer of the soil (d) The lesser amount of humus
(v) Clayey Soil (e) Small particles and packed tight


Question 4. Explain the formation of soil.


The soil is formed by weathering. Weathering of a soil refers to the breaking of bigger rocks into smaller particles. Weathering occurs in 3 ways:
1) Physical
2) Chemical
3) Biological

Physical (Sun, water, wind, etc.)

Sun: The rocks are heated by the Sun during the day and they expand. During the night, the temperature falls and the rocks start cooling down and thus, start contracting. The expansion and contraction of the rocks do not occur at the same rate which results in crack-formation. These cracks ultimately break the huge rock into smaller pieces.

Water: Due to uneven heating and formation of cracks, the water gets into those cracks. When this water later freezes, the cracks widen. Fast flowing water also carries rock particles while flowing downstream. These rocks hit other big rocks and wear them down into smaller particles. These particles are then taken along by the water and are deposited down its path. In this way, even flowing water wears away hard rocks over a long period of time.

Wind: Rocks are eroded by strong winds and sand is also carried from one place to the other by winds.

Chemical weathering involves several chemical processes like hydration, hydrolysis, oxidation, reduction, etc. In this type, carbonic acid (present in water) and acidic substances (derived from the decomposition process of organic matter present in the soil) breaks the complex compounds.

Mosses, lichens, and other plants living on the rocks produce acids which accelerate the rock weathering process.

Question 5. How is clayey soil useful for crops?


Clayey soil is useful for crops because of the following reasons:

1)Good water holding capacity.

2) Clayey soil is very fertile and rich in humus.

3) It also contains useful organic minerals.

Question 6. Write the differences between clayey and sandy soils.


Clayey Soil Sandy Soil
Particles are small in size. Particles are large in size.
This soil is rich in humus. This soil is not rich in humus.
It has good water holding capacity It has a low ability to retain water.
In clayey soil, less air is trapped between the particles. In sandy soil, more air is trapped between the particles
Suitable for crops like wheat, paddy, and gram. Suitable for crops like cotton, peanuts, etc.

Question 7. Sketch the cross section of soil and label the various layers.


cross section of soil

cross section of soil

Question 8. Razia conducted an experiment in the field related to the rate of percolation. She observed that it took 40 min for 200 mL of water to percolate through the soil sample. Calculate the rate of percolation.

Answer 8:

The total amount of water Razia took = 200 mL

Percolation time (as given) = 40 min

rate of percolation

Question 9. Explain how soil pollution and soil erosion could be prevented.

Answer 9:

To prevent soil pollution, the following ways can be followed:

  1. Insecticides and pesticides should be used in a limited amount.
  2. Manures should be used instead of chemical fertilizers.
  3. Industrial discharge must be treated properly before being released.


To prevent soil erosion, the following ways can be followed:

  1. Deforestation should be prevented.
  2. Afforestation should be encouraged.
  3. Mixed farming and crop rotation should be encouraged.

Question 10. Solve the following crossword puzzle using the clues given:

Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Crossword puzzle



2. Plantation prevents it.

5. Use should be banned to avoid soil pollution.

6. Type of soil used for making pottery.

7. Living organism in the soil.


1. In desert, soil erosion occurs through.

3. Clay and loam are suitable for cereals like.

4. This type of soil can hold very little water.

5. The collective name for layers of soil.

Answer 10

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 9-4

These solutions for chapter 9 are created by subject experts according to the latest CBSE syllabus (2018-2019). Students must practice the solutions regularly to prepare effectively for their examination.

These NCERT Solutions will help students in revising all the class 7 science chapters, so that they can increase knowledge of Science.

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