NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil is one of the important topics for the students of 7th standard. The solutions for soil are provided here to help students in not only clearing their doubts but also to understand the chapter in an easy and more effective way.
The soil has massive applications; knowing more details about soil will help the students to face the exam confidently and to score good marks in the CBSE Class 7 examination. We present various true and false, MCQ type questions regarding the classification of changes. Here, the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions are also available in PDF format, which students can access and download easily.
Access Answers of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil
Tick the most suitable answer in questions 1 and 2.
1. In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains
(i) air and water
(ii) water and plants
(iii) minerals, organic matter, air and water
(iv) water, air and plants
The answer is (iii) minerals, organic matter, air and water.
2. The water holding capacity is the highest in
(i) sandy soil
(ii) clayey soil
(iii) loamy soil
(iv) mixture of sand and loam
The answer is (ii) clayey soil
3. Match the items in Column I with those in Column II:
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) A home for living organisms||(a) Large particles|
|(ii) Upper layer of the soil||(b) All kinds of soil|
|(iii) Sandy soil||(c) Dark in colour|
|(iv) Middle layer of the soil||(d) Small particles and packed tight|
|(v) Clayey soil||(e) Lesser amount of humus|
|Column I||Column II|
|(i) A home for living organisms||(b) All kinds of soil|
|(ii) Upper layer of the soil||(c) Dark in colour|
|(iii) Sandy soil||(a) Large particles|
|(iv) Middle layer of the soil||(e) Lesser amount of humus|
|(v) Clayey soil||(d) Small particles and packed tight|
4. Explain how soil is formed.
Soil is formed due to the weathering of rocks. Weathering is a process in which physical breakdown and chemical decomposition of minerals takes place primarily by wind, water and climatic changes. In the weathering process, rocks are converted to small pieces, which eventually turn to soil particles to form a layer of soil.
5. How is clayey soil useful for crops?
Clayey soil is useful for crops for the following reasons
- It has excellent water holding capacity
- Clayey soil is rich in organic matter
- Clayey and loamy soils are suitable for growing cereals like wheat
- Water holding-capacity of clayey soil supports the growth of crops like paddy which require more water to grow
6. List the differences between clayey soil and sandy soil.
|Clayey Soil||Sandy Soil|
|1. Particles are finer||Particles are larger|
|2 Particles are tightly packed||Particles are loosely packed|
|3. Holds a good amount of water||Water holding capacity is low|
|4. It is heavy in weight||It is light in weight|
|5. Rich in humus and organic nutrients||Not rich in humus and organic nutrients|
|6. Very little air is trapped between the particles||More air is trapped between the particles|
7. Sketch the cross-section of soil and label the various layers.
8. Razia conducted an experiment in the field related to the rate of percolation. She observed that it took 40 min for 200 mL of water to percolate through the soil sample. Calculate the rate of percolation.
Amount of water = 200 ml
Percolation time = 40 minutes
Percolation rate =
9. Explain how soil pollution and soil erosion could be prevented
Soil pollution can be controlled by the following measures:
- By reducing the use of plastics, we can reduce soil pollution.
- By controlling the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, we can control soil pollution.
Soil erosion can be controlled by taking the following steps
- Planting more and more trees will result in the reduction of soil erosion.
- By stopping deforestation and avoiding overgrazing of animals.
10. Solve the following crossword puzzle with the clues given:
2. Plantation prevents it.
5. Use should be banned to avoid soil pollution.
6. Type of soil used for making pottery.
7. Living organism in the soil.
1. In desert soil erosion occurs through.
3. Clay and loam are suitable for cereals like.
4. This type of soil can hold very little water.
5. Collective name for layers of soil.
Important topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9 Soil
- Soil teeming with life
- Soil profile
- Soil types
- Properties of soil
- Moisture in soil
- Absorption of water by soil
- Soil and crops
These solutions for Chapter 9 are created by subject experts according to the latest CBSE syllabus (2020-2021). Students must practise the solutions regularly to prepare effectively for their examination.
These NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science will help students in revising all the chapters so that they can increase their knowledge of Science.
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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 9
List out the concepts discussed in the Chapter 9 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.
1. Soil teeming with life
2. Soil profile
3. Soil types
4. Properties of soil
5. Moisture in soil
6. Absorption of water by soil
7. Soil and crops
Discuss the usefulness of clayey soil for crops covered in the Chapter 9 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.
1. Clayey soil has good water holding capacity.
2. Rich organic matter is present in clayey soil.
3. Loamy and clayey soils are suitable for growing cereals like wheat.
4. Growth of crops like paddy is possible in clayey soil as the water holding capacity is more.
Explain the prevention of soil pollution and soil erosion from the Chapter 9 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science.
1. Use of plastics should be reduced.
2. Use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be reduced.
The following measures can be used to prevent soil erosion.
1. More trees and plants should be planted to reduce soil erosion.
2. Deforestation should be stopped and overgrazing of animals should be avoided.