What is the full form of the UGC?
The full form UGC is University Grants Commission. In connection with the UGC Act 1956, it is an activity of the Indian Union Government. Under the Ministry of Human Resources Development & affiliated with the ministry of higher education.
The role of the committee is to organize, evaluate and withstand maximum education standards throughout the nation. It offers acknowledgement to colleges and universities approved by it and disburses funding. The Commission has its head office in New Delhi and its regional headquarters in Hyderabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bhopal, Pune and Bhopal.
Brief History of UGC
- The Commission was established in 1945 to manage and supervise all the operations of three central Indian universities of Delhi, Banaras and Aligarh. In 1947, those duties were expanded to include all Indian Universities.
- The University Education Commission was established from 1948 to 1949 under the chairmanship of S. Radhakrishnan to start investigating and suggest modifications and extensions to Indian University Education.
- Compared to the United Kingdom University Grants Committee, the submitted its report in August 1949 to reconstitute the University Grants board.
- In 1950, the Indian government decided that the UGC would handle specific grants to universities and higher education institutions.
- The Commission was eventually launched on 28 December 1953 by MaulanaAbulKalam Adad, Minister of Education, Natural Resources & Scientific Research.
Functions of UGC
The role of UGC includes
- Maintain contacts between the State, Union Governments as well as various entities of advanced education.
- Scrutinizes the fast expansion of college and university education in the area.
- Set standards such as CSIR NET, UGC Net & ICAR NET for examinations.
- Develop proposals for basic requirements in education.
- Suggest protocols to the Central & State Governments for compulsory positive improvements in universities and higher education institutions.