The Young Bengal Movement was started by Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, who had come to Calcutta in 1826 and was appointed in the Hindu College as a teacher of English literature and History.
The Young Bengal was a group of Bengali free thinkers emerging from Hindu College, Calcutta. They were inspired and excited by the spirit of free thought and revolt against the existing social and religious structure of Hindu society.
For further reading check the following articles:
- 19th Century Social and Religious Reforms Movements in India
- Revision Made Easy: Socio-Religious Reform Movements UPSC
- Indian Education System During British Rule