Capital of Jharkhand - A Brief Overview

Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand. Dumka is the sub-capital of Jharkhand. Ranchi was chosen as one of the cities to be developed as a smart city under the Government of India’s flagship program “Smart Cities Mission”. This article will explain some of the interesting facets of Jharkhand and its capital city Ranchi.

Capital of Jharkhand

Ranchi – City of Waterfalls

  • The famous nickname of Ranchi is “City of Waterfalls”.
  • The centre of the Jharkhand movement was Ranchi. This movement called for a separate state for the tribal regions of northern Odisha, south Bihar, the eastern area of present-day Chhattisgarh, and western West Bengal.
  • Ranchi was the summer capital of Bihar, during the times of the British.
  • Hinduism is the major religion of Ranchi, followed by Islam.
  • The languages spoken in Ranchi are Hindi, Nagpuri, Mundari, Urdu, Bengali, Kurukh, and Maithili.
  • In Eastern India, Ranchi is a major industrial city. There are many large private and government organisations near Ranchi.
  • Ranchi is one of the highest employment generating cities in India.
  • Ranchi is a hub of different sports such as cricket, hockey, football, etc.
  • The very popular Indian cricket player, M.S.Dhoni, is from Ranchi.

Jharkhand – A Brief Overview

  • The Jharkhand state was formed on 15 November 2000.
  • Jharkhand was created by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas.
  • Jharkhand means “land of forests.”
  • Jharkhand shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Odisha to its south, Chhattisgarh to the east, and Bihar to the north.
  • Hindi is the official language of Jharkhand.
  • Jharkhand is known for holy places, hills and waterfalls.

Jharkhand – Economy

  • More than 40% of India’s mineral resources are in the state of Jharkhand.
  • Although the state of Jharkhand is blessed with the highest mineral resources, a large population of the state of Jharkhand is below the poverty line.
  • The major cities of Jharkhand are Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad, etc.
  • Among the Indian states, Jharkhand has the 4th largest reserves of iron ore, the largest reserves of mica, the largest reserves of asbestos, the 2nd largest reserves of chromite, the 3rd largest reserves of bauxite, and the 3rd largest reserves of thorium.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Is Jamshedpur the capital of Jharkhand?

Jamshedpur is located in Jharkhand. Jamshedpur is not the administrative or political capital of Jharkhand. The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi. Jamshedpur is considered to be the industrial capital of Jharkhand.

Where is the second capital of Jharkhand?

Dumka is the sub-capital of Jharkhand. The first chief minister of Jharkhand was from the Dumka constituency.

What is the capital of Bihar?

Patna is the capital of Bihar. Patna is located on the southern bank of the river Ganges. Historically, Patna was known as Pataliputra. Patna is a major agricultural hub and centre of trade.

What is the capital of Rajasthan?

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. Jaipur is the largest city in Rajasthan. Jaipur was founded by Jai Singh II. He was a Kachhwaha Rajput ruler. Jaipur is known as the pink city. The famous Indian scientist C. V. Raman had called Jaipur the Island of Glory.

What is the capital of Haryana?

Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Haryana and Punjab. Chandigarh is very famous as it is a well-planned city. Chandigarh is a city, district, and union territory of India. Chandigarh was designed by Le-Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect


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