Ladakh is the cold desert in India. Thar desert in Rajasthan is the hot desert in India. Generally speaking, if a place has little or no water and vegetation, people usually call it a desert. This article will share some interesting insights about the cold desert in India.
Ladakh – Cold Desert in India
- Ladakh is the cold desert of India which lies in the Greater Himalayas.
- Ladakh is towards the east of Jammu & Kashmir.
- Ladakh shares borders with China.
- The cold desert in Ladakh is enclosed by the Zanskar mountains in the south and the Karakoram mountain range in the north.
- Several rivers flow through Ladakh. Indus is the most important river flowing through Ladakh.
- The rivers form gorges and deep valleys in Ladakh.
- Many glaciers are found in Ladakh. An example of an important glacier found in Ladakh is the Gangri glacier.
Cold Desert in India (Ladakh) – High Altitude, Temperature, Rainfall
- The altitude in Ladakh ranges from approximately 3,000 m to more than 8,000 m.
- At Karakoram, the altitude ranges around 8,000 m.
- At Kargil, the altitude ranges around 3,000 m.
- Due to the extremely high altitude, the climate in Ladakh is extremely dry and cold.
- The night temperatures in Ladakh are well below –30°C.
- In winters, the temperatures remain below –40°C for most of the time.
- There is very little rainfall in the cold desert of India as it lies in the rain shadow area of the Himalayas. Every year the rainfall is as low as 10 cm.
- In these areas, the heat of the sun is very intense as the air is very thin at these altitudes.
- The cold desert experiences burning hot sunlight and freezing winds.