What is the full form of MHD?
The full form of MHD is Magneto hydrodynamics. MHD is the analysis of electrically conducting fluid’s magnetic characteristics and properties. Liquid metals, plasmas, saltwater & electrolytes involve instances of these magnetic properties fluids.
The term magneto-hydro-dynamics is extracted from magneto means magnetic field, water which means hydro, and motion mean dynamics. Hannes Alfvén initiated the field of MHD, where he obtained the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970.
Features of MHD
- The fundamental idea behind MHD would be that magnetic fields in a moving conductive fluid could stimulate currents, which polarise the liquid and alter the magnetic field on its own reciprocally.
- A blend of the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid dynamics & Maxwell’s electro-magnetism equations is the mathematical equation that explains MHD.
- It is necessary to solve such equations simultaneously, whether in numerically or analytically problems.