What is the full form of SWAT?
The full form of SWAT is Special Weapons and Tactics. It applies to a law enforcement unit of the finest police officers who have military technologies & tactics in the United States. The staff are trained to carry out and handle high-risk tasks beyond the abilities and expertise of regular police officers.
The SWAT squad’s daily tasks include hostage rescue, anti-terrorism activities, catching heavily-armed suspects, and so on. Many nations also have special and remarkable teams. They have to create their internal PPUs (paramilitary police units) that are also seen to maintain and handle these circumstances, similar to SWAT units.
A brief history of SWAT
- The SWAT was first formed in the 1960s to safeguard cities against protests or destructive terror acts.
- Throughout most of the War on Drugs in the 1980s and 1990s, the number and use of SWAT teams grew in the wake of the attacks of September 11.
- SWAT teams have moved to military action 50,000 times per year as of 2005, about 80% of the time to execute search warrants, mostly for drugs.
Eligibility requirements for SWAT
To become a SWAT policeman, there are certain requirements, such as:
- Before qualifying for such special and exceptional teams, the police officer must have given service for a specific term or position.
- To check his fitness & suitability to be a member of the SWAT, he has to be eligible for physical endurance, written, oral, psychological & several other examinations.
- In an urban area, SWAT teams use weapons equipped for different technical and specialist situations consisting of CQC (close-quarters combat).
- The basic pieces of equipment vary from unit to unit, but there are some unfailing patterns with what they wear & use.
- It is difficult to tell a significant amount of the weapons besides that provided to the military, not least as it is a military surplus to a large extent.