Acetonitrile Formula

Acetonitrile Chemical Formula

Acetonitrile is a colorless liquid that is characterized by aromatic fruity odor. Acetonitrile is used as a polar aprotic solvent in organic synthesis and purification of butadiene. Let us learn the chemical properties of Acetonitrile.

Chemical formula C2H3N or CH3CN
Molecular weight 41.053 g/mol
Chemical names Methyl cyanide, Cyanomethane, Ethanenitrile
Density 0.786 g/cm3
Boiling point 81.3 to 82.1 °C
Melting point −46 to −44 °C;
Solubility in water Miscible

Acetonitrile Structural Formula

Acetonitrile is an aliphatic nitrile and a volatile organic compound. Acetonitrile is less dense than water and its vapor is dense than air (Vapor pressure = 9.71 kPa). The structural formula of Acetonitrile is as shown below in the diagram.

Acetonitrile Structural Formula

Pictorial representation

Structural formula

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