Waste Management Essay


Suppose you bought chocolate due to your craving while walking on the road. Now, what will you do with the wrapper? Will you keep it with you till you find a waste bin, or will you just throw it away on the road? While the first option is the right way to dispose of it, we often see many of us simply tossing the wrapper on the road. But what happens when every one of us behaves the same way and our surroundings become a huge pile of garbage?

Today, people are careless about what they do with their waste, and there are no proper methods to dispose of them. In this waste management essay, we will discuss the importance of waste management and look at different ways to manage waste.

Importance of Waste Management

Waste management should become an essential part of our lives as it plays an integral role in environmental protection and maintaining our health. Each day, the population is increasing, and waste is produced without any limit. Not aware of its dangerous effects, we either dump all the waste in a place where there are no proper disposal methods or burn them away, which releases harmful pollutants into the air. All the waste from homes, industries and factories must be properly managed; otherwise, it could lead to various environmental problems and health issues. This is why we need effective ways to collect, segregate, transport and dispose of waste materials, which we will be discussing in this solid waste management essay.

Methods for Waste Management

There are several methods for waste management, which vary depending on the type of waste that we handle. Waste can be classified into solid, liquid and gas, and they get generated from our homes, hospitals, factories or nuclear power plants. As each type of waste has a different method of disposal, landfills are suitable for solid waste management. A landfill is a deep garbage pit that is usually located away from the city where solid wastes are dumped, which decomposes over the years. Incineration is another popular method for waste management, but it is not the most effective as the combustion process often releases greenhouse gases that pollute the environment.

The waste management essay also highlights other efficient ways to dispose of waste. While the recycling of waste is considered to be productive by changing waste materials into useful things, reusing and reducing waste are also found to be cost-effective. Unlike landfills and incineration, recycling does not harm the environment in any way. As organic wastes can be recycled or reused, we must reduce the use of plastics, thus avoiding plastic pollution. Plastics contribute to the major portion of waste as they are not degradable. We must also practise composting as it is the ideal method for managing food waste and plant products. Through composting, organic waste gets converted into fertiliser, which nourishes the soil and thus supports the growth of plants and trees. In this manner, we must do whatever we can to dispose of waste and save the environment.

For more interesting essays from BYJU’S, check out our kids’ learning section.

Frequently Asked Questions


What are the advantages of waste management?

Through proper waste management, we can reduce pollution in the environment as well as ensure the safety and well-being of human beings and all other living beings. There will also be a reduction in the generation of waste as people resort to recycling and reusing.


What are the challenges to waste management?

The key challenge to waste management is the lack of proper amenities or measures to segregate waste. With different types of waste from different sources, it is difficult to separate them. Moreover, the waste never gets reduced as industries continue to dump waste everywhere, and the people and environment face its consequences.


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