Length contraction is considered when an object has travelled with the velocity of light. So, relativity arrives into the picture. Therefore, one can say that length contraction happens when an object is travelling at the speed of light. This is described as the decrease in length if a body is travelling with the velocity of light linked to the observer. The formula for length contraction is articulated as
Where L is the length of an object with is in relativistic speed, L0 is the length of an object at rest, c is the velocity of light and v is the velocity of the object.
Length Contraction Solved Example
Problem 1: Compute the contracted length of an object whose initial length 10m and travel with a velocity 0.75c?
Given parameters are,
L0 = 10m
v = 0.75c
c = Speed of light (3.0 x 108 m/s)
The formula for length contraction is
L = 10 × √1- (0.75)2
L = 10 × √(o.438)
L = 6.618 m.