Difference between Cost Capital and Discount Rate


Maintaining a business, whether little or large, could look simple to run and keep up with; just individuals related to it and working people in and out know what amount of time and persistence it requires. Keeping everything, for example, sales, purchases, discounts, handling employees and customers, and accounting all of these factors in balance, is vital to have a smooth stream in business and work.

Monitoring everything and being state-of-the-art are essential to maintaining a business. You can’t simply continue to expect benefits without early and appropriate preparations. Computing details, income, cost of capital, rebate rates, and so forth, is a piece of a business. The proprietors’ investors, financial backers, and shareholders are totally engaged with it. These frameworks assist us with monitoring the investment opportunities and assist with amplifying benefits.

Meaning of Cost Capital:

The cost of capital is a vital element in making an undertaking effective and advantageous. It is the necessary gain to legitimise the expenses of the venture and gain benefits. Whenever the speculation or investment is made internally, it is known as the expense of value or cost of equity, and when it is outside, it is called as cost of obligation or cost of debt.

So when the financial backers compute the expense or cost of capital, they mean the normal of both the expenses, inner and outer. The expenses should be progressive and show risks and return henceforward. The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the mix of the two costs of debt and the cost of equity.

Formula of cost of debt = total debt / interest expenses X (1- T).

Formula of cost of equity = Es = Rf + Beta ( Rm – Rf)

Formula of WACC = (E/V + Re) + ((D/V) X Rd) X 1-Tc

There is a great deal of contention in the market, and consequently, getting the most paramount returns can be an undertaking or a heavy task. The rate of return procured by the speculation or investment concludes the worth of the firm contrasted with the others in the market. The financial backers need to give in their hundred percent to get the necessary return which must be more than the expense of capital or the cost of capital.

The expense or cost of capital is a significant monetary and bookkeeping technique. There are a few purposes behind it to be significant. It can assist with amplifying possible ventures, assists the financial backers with taking the ideal choices, assists with helping capital planning, plans the right capital design, and furthermore assess the performance for future use. Chances, expansion, market opportunities, and capital suppliers are a couple of elements that influence the expense or cost of capital.

Meaning of Discount Rate:

The rebate rate or the discount rate is determined to see regardless of whether the future income or cash flow will be productive. It is the financing cost or the interest rate that gives the gauge of the current worth or the present value of the income that will be acquired later (future). They utilise the (DFC) discounted cash flow analysis. The number of requirements to meet must be more than the cost of capital.

The discounted cash flow procedure is a technique that is utilised to sort out the worth of the current venture, in view of the gauge of how much worth or value it will create from now on. It tests regardless of whether a venture is monetarily worth the effort. On the off chance that the net worth or net value of the current income is positive, just an undertaking or project can be viewed as beneficial.

In the event that the organisation is putting resources into standard resources, a gamble-free rate of return is utilised as a rebate rate or discount rate, and assuming the organisation is evaluating the possible project, they can involve the WACC as the discounted rate. To ascertain the discounted income or DFC of the organisation, first, it needs to anticipate the normal income, then, at that point, pick a proper markdown rate, and in conclusion, deduct the anticipated stream from the present-day cash.

The rebate rate or discount rate is utilised to compute the time worth of cash, work out the NVP, decide the risks of the speculations and the opportunity cost, correlation of future value of the ventures, and so on.

Difference between Cost Capital and Discount Rate:




The necessary return an organisation acknowledges legitimising the speculation of a venture.

The assessed worth of the current income that we can acquire for the future.


It very well may be determined by three techniques, just expense of debt or value or equity or by consolidating both in WACC.

Determined by two techniques, WACC and APV (adjusted present value).


Expand possible ventures, assists the financial backers with settling on the best choices, and so on.

Time worth of cash, work out the NVP, decide the dangers, and so forth.


Direct expense of capital, verifiable, explicit, weighted normal, and so forth.

The gamble-free rate, risk-free rate WACC, and so on.


It can’t absolutely be a rebate rate or discount rate.

The markdown rate can be utilised as the expense of capital in WACC when the organisation is evaluating a possible project.


Understanding the cost of capital and limit or discount rate can be somewhat troublesome now and again as they are two fundamentally the same as words, yet realising both the terms are significant. Numerous financial backers endure misfortunes and afterwards need to stop that task or project or the actual business. This is essentially on the grounds that they didn’t do legitimate preparation and gauge the worth right.

Every industry or organisation will have its own expense of capital; it depends on them on how they figure out how to restore benefits and give it to the financial backers and investors. They ought to continuously have an expense of capital in view of their rivals in the same business and industry to keep away from misfortune.

Also, see:

Concept of Business Risk and Its Causes

Open Market Operations

The Product or Value Added Method

Precautions to Be Taken Before Using Secondary Data

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