GPRS Full Form

What is the full form of GPRS?

The full form of GPRS is General Packet Radio Service. The GPRS is a non-voice high-speed packet switching system developed for GSM networks. GPRS is a packet-aligned, wireless communication service that transmits a mobile signal on 3 G and 2 G cellular transmission networks.

GPRS works based on the technique of modulation, also called GMSK (Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying). To allow GPRS to be deployed on a TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) or GSM (Global System For Mobile Communications) or network, we must have two main modules that are named as

  • GGSN (Gateway GPRS Service Node)
  • SGSN (Serving GPRS Service Node)

GPRS can be used to communicate using internet protocols that support a wide range of companies as well as industrial applications.

History of GPRS

  • GPRS was introduced in the year 2000 as a packet-switched data service incorporated into the channel switched cellular radio network GSM. GPRS extends the reach of the Fixed Internet by connecting mobile terminals all over the world.
  • The CELLPAC protocol established in 1991-1993 was the primary trigger for beginning in 1993 configuration of standard GPRS by ETSI SMG. In particular, the CELLPAC Voice & Data functions introduced in a 1993 ETSI Workshop dedication anticipate what later became known as GPRS roots.
  • The workshop input is cited in 22 GPRS-related US-Patents. Successor systems to GSM / GPRS such as W-CDMA (UMTS) and LTE, as implemented by CELLPAC, depend on critical GPRS operations for mobile Internet access.
  • As per research on the history of GPRS growth, the inventors of GPRS are Bernhard Walke and his student Peter Decker, the first to make the system access to mobile internet globally.

Requirements to use GPRS

Due to the more advanced infrastructure than traditional 2 G wireless technology, GPRS is considered as 2.5 G technology, but it does not satisfy the need for 3 G developments.

  • A service that includes GPRS modem.
  • A network of GSM / GPRS.
  • A GPRS-aided SIM card.
  • A remote location that has internet connectivity or a GPRS network.

Benefits of GPRS

  • GPRS gives higher speed of data transfer compared with fixed telecommunication networks. Its prime speed is 171.2 kbps, almost three times the speed of set-telecommunications.
  • It provides immediate fast communication and quick transfer of information.
  • GPRS is highly cost efficient.
  • GPRS applications are unique and of high standard. It offers web apps over mobile phones and also makes web surfing, IM messages, e-commerce and so on simpler.
  • It allows people to connect to the web even when other service providers, including 3 G or HSDPA, are not accessible.


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