SGOT Full Form

What is the full form of the SGOT?

The full form of SGOT is Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. It is commonly referred to as AST, which stands for aspartate aminotransferase. It is an enzyme that is found in tissues apart from bones, including the tissues of the liver, heart, kidneys, skeletal muscles as well as other tissues. The SGOT is an enzyme that your liver produces it. Other organs also generate smaller quantities, such as your kidney, heart, brain & muscles.

In a healthy man’s blood, SGOT levels are low. The standard blood SGOT level is approximately 5 to 40 units per litre of serum. Whenever there is harm to the heart tissues, liver tissues, kidneys tissues, and other tissues, SGOT or AST is released into the blood. A high level of AST is a sign of liver harm, but it could also mean that you have harmed another organ, like your kidney or heart, that causes it. This is why doctors also conduct AST tests along with other liver enzyme examinations.

Why Individuals need to go for SGOT test?

The doctor can prescribe an AST test if the individual has signs of liver damage, like

  • Yellow eyes or skin, known as jaundice
  • Weakness
  • Skin itching
  • Swollen belly
  • Loss Of Appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Stomach pain
  • Bruises
  • Light-coloured faeces
  • Dark-coloured urine
  • Swelling in your ankles and legs

There might be some other reasons the doctor has prescribed the test, which are listed below.

  • If a person has a history of liver disease in the family.
  • The individual has been exposed to the hepatitis virus.
  • Individuals take medicine recognised to harm the liver.
  • When people have a non-alcoholic fatty liver disorder.
  • If the person has diabetes or metabolic or obesity syndrome.
  • Individuals drink a significant amount of alcohol.

Side Effects of SGOT Test

Some of the side effects of SGOT test are listed below.

  • Infection
  • Bruises
  • Dizziness
  • Bleeding
  • Accumulation of blood under the skin


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