Sodium Hypochlorite Formula

Sodium Hypochlorite formula, also known as liquid bleach formula or Antiformin formula is explained in this article. This ionic compound consists of a cation, sodium metal (Na+) which is bonded to the anion, hypochlorite (ClO). The chemical or molecular formula of Sodium Hypochlorite is NaClO.

It is colourless to slightly yellow watery liquid which has the smell of household bleach. It dissolves in water. This compound was produced by Claude Louis Berthollet of France, in the year 1789. The compound was obtained by passing chlorine gas through potash lye solution. Industrially it can be synthesized by the Hooker process. In this process dilute sodium hydroxide is made to react with chlorine gas, to generate NaClO plus sodium chloride plus water.

Sodium Hypochlorite Formula Structure

Sodium Hypochlorite Formula

Properties Of Sodium Hypochlorite Formula

Chemical formula of Sodium Hypochlorite NaClO
Molecular weight of Sodium Hypochlorite 74.442 g/mol
Density of Sodium Hypochlorite 1.11 g/cm3
Boiling point of Sodium Hypochlorite 101 °C
Melting point of Sodium Hypochlorite 18 °C

At higher concentrations, it is corrosive and toxic. When this compound is inhaled it leads to severe coughing, shortness of breath, burning sensation and sore throat. When this compound comes in contact with the skin it leads to skin burn, redness, and blisters.

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