Cholesterol Formula

Cholesterol is derived from the Ancient Greek word chole meaning bile, stereos meaning solid and -ol for alcohol. It is an organic compound and is a type of lipid as it is a sterol. It is also an important structural component of animal cell membrane and can be biosynthesised by all animal cells.

It is also known as cholesterin and cholesteryl alcohol. The property value of hydrogen bond donor and hydrogen bond acceptor are 1 and 1 respectively and the rotatable bond count is 5.

Following is the table of formulas of cholesterol:

Molecular formula C27H46O
The Simplified molecular-input line-entry system (SMILES) C[C@H](CCCC(C)(C)[C@H]1CC[C@@H]2[C@@]1(CC[C@H]3[C@H]2CC=C4[C@@]3(CC[C@@H](C4)O)C)C

Structure Of Cholesterol

Cholesterol Formula

As cholesterol is a cholestanoid with cholestane with a double bond at 5,6-position and a 3beta-hydroxy group. It plays the role of a human metabolite, mouse metabolite, an algal metabolite and a Daphnia galeata metabolite. It is a 3beta-sterol, a cholestanoid, a 3beta-hydroxy-delta(5)-steroid and a C27-steroid.

Properties Of Cholesterol

IUPAC name (3β)-cholest-5-en-3-ol
Molecular formula C27H46O
Molecular mass 386.664 g/mol
Melting point 148 to 150℃
Boiling point 360℃
Density 1.052 g/cm3
Solubility Soluble in acetone, benzene, ether, hexane
Solubility in water 1.8 mg/L at 30℃
Appearance White crystalline powder

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Practise This Question

There are three major ways in which different cells handle pyruvic acid produced by glycolysis, these are

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