To decide whether management is science, art or profession, one has to comprehend the characteristics and definitions of science, art and profession and associate them with management definition and traits.
Management as an Art:
Art is the experienced and personal utilisation of subsisting information to accomplish solicited outcomes. It can be procured via education, research and practice. As art is involved with the personal utilisation of data some kind of inventiveness and creativity is needed to follow the fundamental systems acquired. The essential characteristics of art are as follows:
- The presence of theoretical knowledge: Art assumes the presence of specific academic knowledge. Specialists in their particular fields have obtained specific elementary postulates which are appropriate to a specific sort of art. For instance, the literature on public speaking, acting or music, dancing is publicly acknowledged.
- Personalised application: The application of this primary information differs from person to person. Art, hence, is a highly personalised notion.
- Based on custom and creativity: Art is practical. Art includes the creative practice of subsisting intellectual knowledge. We know that music is based on 7 notes. However, what makes the style of a musician different or distinctive is his performance of these notes in an artistic way that is uniquely his own solution.
Management as a Science:
Science is an organised collection of knowledge that emphasises definite universal truths or the action of comprehensive laws. The central characteristics of science are as follows:
- The organised body of knowledge: Science is a precise entity of knowledge. Its systems are based on a purpose and consequence association.
- Universal validity: Scientific conventions have global genuineness and application.
- Systems based on experimentation: Scientific conventions are originally formed via research and then tested via repeated trial and error under the regulated situations.
Management as a Profession:
The profession can be described as an occupation upheld by specific education and practice, in which entry is limited. A profession has the following features:
- The well-defined theory of knowledge: All services are based on a well-defined form of education that can be procured through education.
- Restricted entry: The entrance to a profession is defined through an examination or through obtaining an educational degree. For instance, to become a chartered accountant in India an aspirant has to clear a detailed examination regulated by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
- Professional community: All professions are affiliated to a professional association which controls entry, presents a certificate of training and expresses and supports a system of government. To be qualified to study in India, lawyers have to become members of the Bar Council which monitors and regulates their actions.
The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about the Management as an Art, Science and Profession for the class 12 Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.