Hydrazine Formula

Hydrazine formula, also known as Nitrogen hydride formula or Diazane formula is discussed in this article. Nitrogen hydride is a highly reactive base as well as a good reducing agent which is used in many medical and industrial applications. The molecular or chemical formula of Hydrazine is N2H4. In its anhydrous form, it is a colourless compound. It is a fuming oily liquid and smells like ammonia. There are chances of exploding during distillation if any traces of air are found. It is mainly used in fuel cells and as a rocket propellant.

Hydrazine Formula Structure

Hydrazine Formula

Properties Of Hydrazine Formula

Chemical formula  N2H4
Molecular weight  32.0452 g/mol
Density  1.021 g/cm3
Boiling point  114 °C
Melting point  2 °C

In its natural form, it is obtained by some microorganisms viz bacteria, fungi, and yeast. Commercially it can be prepared as by a process called “Raschig”. In this process solution of sodium hypochlorite is treated with ammonia in excess quantity to produce a chloramine intermediate. The final product obtained is hydrazine and hydrochloric acid.

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