Hydrochloric Acid Formula

Hydrochloric acid formula or muriatic acid formula is given and explained here along with its structure. To recall about hydrochloric acid, it is a colorless and pungent smelling inorganic compound. The aqueous solution is hydrogen chloride is known as hydrochloric acid and is also called as muriatic acid.

Hydrochloric Acid Formula

Hydrochloric acid is a simple diatomic molecule and is found in both aqueous and gaseous forms. A polarized covalent bond binds the electronegative chlorine atom and the hydrogen atom. The structure and chemical formula of muriatic acid (or hydrochloric acid) are discussed below.

Chemical Formula of Hydrochloric Acid (Muriatic Acid)

Hydrochloric acid has two atoms i.e. one of hydrogen and one of chlorine. It has a molar mass of 36.47 g/mole and its chemical formula is given as-

Hydrogen Chloride Chemical Formula HCl

Structural Formula of Hydrochloric Acid

In HCL, the hydrogen is bonded to the chlorine atom with a covalent bond and has a planar structure. The structure of hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is represented as-

Structural Formula of Hydrochloric Acid

HCl is the main constituents of the gastric acids present in the stomach. It is used to remove stains from metals, in production of oil, organic compounds, and inorganic compounds, to purify table salt, etc. Check out uses of hydrochloric acid to know the different applications of this acid in detail.

Keep visiting BYJU’S to learn more about the formulas of different chemical compounds and their structures.


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