Maleic Acid Formula

Maleic Acid Chemical Formula

Maleic Acid is an organic white crystalline solid compound that includes containing 2 carboxyl functional group (−COOH) molecule. Maleic acid is the cis-isomer of butenedioic acid and is less stable in nature. It is soluble in water and is combustible too. Maleic Acid is characterized by faint odor.

Chemical formula C4H4O4 or HOOCCH=CHCOOH
Molecular weight 116.072 g/mol
Density 1.59 g/cm³
Chemical names butenedioic acid, cis-butenedioic acid, malenic acid, maleinic acid, toxilic acid
Solubility in water 478.8 g/L at 20 C
Melting point 135 °C

Maleic Acid Structural Formula

The structural formula of Maleic Acid is as shown in the figure below. Maleic Acid is used in the production of glyoxylic acid by ozonolysis. It plays the role of plant metabolite, an algal metabolite, and a mouse metabolite.

Maleic Acid Structural Formula

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The oxygen evolved during photosynthesis comes from water molecules. Which one of the following pairs of elements is involved in this reaction?