Meaning of Consignment:

Consignment is a game plan where products are left in the ownership of an approved outsider to sell. Regularly, the dispatcher gets a level of the income from the deal (in some cases, an exceptionally enormous rate or percentage) as commission.

Consignment bargains are made on an assortment of items, like fine art, dress, accessories, drinks, and books. A few kinds of retail sales might be considered to be an uncommon type of transfer where makers depend on retail locations to offer their items to buyers; however, used stores and second-hand shops are all the more commonly connected with the act of consignment.

Consignment planning, nonetheless, would exclude retailers like Walmart or most general stores, which buy products by and large from wholesalers and afterwards sell their products at a markup.

Example of a Consignment:

A craftsman has five huge bits of fine art to sell, however has no spot to exhibit the work for imminent purchasers. The craftsman chooses to utilise a workmanship gallery to show and sell their show-stoppers. The gallery doesn’t charge the craftsman an expense for the wall space yet will charge a business commission for any works sold, which is joined into the cost.

Parties in a Consignment:

Since we know the importance of consignment, it is currently vital to comprehend that there are two parties to a consignment exchange:

Principal or Consignor: This is the party that sends the merchandise. He is the genuine proprietor of the merchandise.

Agent or Consignee: This is the party that gets the merchandise. He doesn’t claim the merchandise however keeps command over them. As the names recommend, the sender and representative have a consignor-consignee connection between them. The shipper is the head of the representative, who turns into his representative.

Kinds of Consignment:

There are two kinds of transfer:

  • Inward transfer or consignment.
  • Outward transfer or consignment.

Inward Consignment:

At the point when the products are sold locally with the end goal of sale, then it is known as an inward consignment.

Outward Consignment:

At the point when products are sent starting with one country then onto the next with the end goal of sale, the transfer is called outward consignment.

Elements of Consignment:

  • The unsold merchandise has a place with the dispatcher or consignor and not with the proctor or consignee. The consignee or agent needs to return the unsold products to the principal.
  • The sender is the head while the proctor or consignee goes about as a specialist.
  • The sender or consignor sends the products to the proctor or specialist or the consignee with the end goal of sale at a benefit.
  • The representative isn’t obligated for any misfortune or annihilation of the products; however, he is dependable to take sensible consideration in ensuring the safety of the merchandise.
  • Just the agent is qualified for any benefit or misfortune for the merchandise sold by the dispatcher. The agent acquires the main commission.
  • The representative doesn’t buy the products from the agent. He only needs to provide the sales income to the agent after products are sold and not in any other case.

Significance of Consignment:

  • Consignment helps the producers and the manufacturers to bring economies of large-scale creation or production with expanded sales. It creates increased sales which bring about creation or production for an enormous scope, and this prompts economies of scale as huge scope creation brings about a fall in cost for every unit.
  • On account of significant distance, assuming an imminent purchaser isn’t effectively agreeable by a maker, then the specialist assumes a significant part to build up contacts with them routinely and guarantee conveyance of merchandise on schedule.
  • It is more advantageous for the makers who have numerous units in various areas in their homegrown nation or different nations. As in such circumstances, the local representatives or agents have more information on the business sectors in those regions or places than the producers. Along these lines, he creates more productive sales by moving toward local clients.


Meaning of Sale:

The sale is a shared agreement wherein the responsibility is moved from the vendor to the purchaser at a cost or remuneration.

Highlights of a Sale:

To make a sales activity completed, the accompanying components are significant:

  • Sale or agreement of offer.
  • Payment or guarantee of payments on the cost.
  • Conveyance of products.
  • Move the responsibility of products.

Difference Between Sale and Consignment




When the products or goods are sent by a seller to its purchaser to receive the value of these products, then it is called a sale.

When goods are sent from the producer or manufacturers to representatives for sales of such goods on the basis of commission, then it is called consignment.


In case of a sale, no account of the sale needs to be given to the purchaser by the seller.

In the case of consignment, an account of sale needs to be submitted periodically by the consignee to the consignor.


In the case of sale, the relationship between the purchaser and the seller is that of a creditor and debtor.

In the case of consignment, the consignee is the agent and the consignor is the principal.


In case of a sale, the ownership of goods is transferred immediately to the purchaser.

In consignment, ownership is not transferred to the consignee. He works entirely on behalf of the consignor. He only possesses the goods.


In the case of a sale, the risk of the goods sold is immediately transferred to the purchaser.

In consignment, the consignor assumes all the risk involved of the product till the sales have been made by the consignee.


In the sale, the seller can send the products to the purchaser only after receiving an order from the buyer.

In consignment, the principal can send goods to the agent without any order received from the agent.


In the sale, the buyer bears the expenses after delivery.

In consignment, the agent is not responsible for any liability. All expenses incurred during the entire process are borne by the consignor.


In case of a sale, the products once received can’t be returned to the seller once they are sold.

In consignment, when the goods are not sold, then the products can be returned to the consignor by the consignee.

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