Difference between Capital Stock and Treasury Stock


An organisation is an autonomous legal business entity that is, for the most part, shaped for a business reason with acquiring benefits as a key goal. The responsibility for the organisation is addressed through its shareholding. Every individual share or stock addresses partial responsibility and ownership for the organisation. Shareholding or stockholding of an organisation can be of various kinds like preferred stock, treasury stock, and normal stock.

Both capital stock and depository stock portray two unique kinds of an organisation’s shares. The capital stock is the aggregate sum of shares an organisation is approved to issue, while depository stock is the number of shares an organisation holds in its depository or treasury. Depository stock is basically capital stock that has been repurchased or was never given to general society.

There are many motivations behind why an organisation could give extra capital stock as opposed to repurchasing its shares and expanding its depository stock. However, the organisation might experience a momentary financial benefit for long-term possession or buyback system.

Meaning of Capital Stock:

The capital stock comprises an organisation’s preferred and common shares that are approved to give in light of the organisation’s corporate contract or charter. The corporate charter is a legal record and demonstrates the most extreme measure of stock an organisation is permitted to issue. Financial backers who own preferred stocks and common stocks might have benefits, for example, having voting rights and a share in profit.

For instance,

Example1: An organisation XYZ’s corporate charter shows it might give a limit of 200 million shares, comprising of 150 million shares of normal or common stock and 50 million shares of preferred stock. Organisation XYZ issues 100 million shares of normal or common stock and 20 million shares of preferred stock. Hence, the financial backers are long in the stock, and the investors get any advantages related to the stock.

Example 2, PRS Incorporation is a recorded organisation. It is approved by its notice to raise capital of the assumed worth of Rs. 5,00,000. This incorporates equity share capital of Rs.4,00,000 and inclination share capital of Rs. 1,00,000. 15% of its value shareholding (Rs. 60,000) is held by the advertiser’s group, the total (Rs. 3,40,000) being completely bought into by general society. Subsequently, the whole approved value share capital of Rs. 4,00,000 is subscribed, fully paid up, and issued. This addresses the capital supply of the organisation.

An organisation issues stock to raise capital. Contingent upon their objectives and viewpoint, an organisation could conclude that they gave such a large number of shares, insufficient shares, or their shares are worth to an extreme or excessively little. The organisation will then go through the method involved with repurchasing shares, reissuing shares, combining shares, or in a typically bemoaned move to the overall business sectors’ split shares.

Meaning of Treasury Stock:

Treasury stock or depository stock is the number of shares given less than the number of outstanding shares. Shares of depository stock might be from a stock buyback or from while the responsible organisation can’t sell every one of the offers or shares it issued. Unlike preferred stock and common stock, they offer no voting rights.

Depository stock is the part of the organisation’s shares that have been repurchased from the investors but have not been extinguished or retired. Basically, depository stock addresses those shares that are held by the actual organisation. They can be either preference shares or equity shares, or a blend of both. These shares never again have a place with investors and hence are not a piece of its outstanding share capital.

Shares held as depository stock, in contrast to outstanding shares, have no voting rights. This implies that depository stock isn’t thought about either for payment of profits or for deciding on any goals.

For instance,

Model 1: The organisation XYZ gave 100 million shares of normal stock and was ready to sell 70 million of those shares. Likewise, it gave 20 million shares of preferred stock and was ready to sell 5 million of those offers. Consequently, organisation XYZ has 30 million (100 million – 70 million) normal shares and 15 million (20 million – 5 million) preferred shares in its depository or treasury.

Model 2: CFG Inc. is of the assessment that its capital is over-diluted. Accordingly, it chooses to repurchase shares of the assumed worth of Rs. 1,00,000 from the market to lessen its proprietorship weakening. The total issued equity share capital of CFG Inc. would now remain at Rs. 3,00,000 – Rs. 60,000 being held by advertisers and a surplus of Rs. 2,40,000 being held by the general population. Subsequently, the advertiser shareholding rate has expanded from 15% to 20% after the buyback.

Difference between Capital Stock and Treasury Stock:




The capital stock is the value or equity shareholding of the organisation that addresses corporate possession. The holders of such stocks are viewed as normal investors and are advantaged as genuine organisation proprietors.

Treasury stock or depository stock is the shares of the organisation that are held by the actual organisation, i.e. these are the offers that have been repurchased from financial backers by the organisation.


The reason for giving capital stock is essential for raising assets. These assets might be expected at the startup stage, during any resulting development period of the organisation, or for some other objective that requires reserves.

The motivation behind treasury stock or depository stock i.e. the reason for repurchasing issued shares of the organisation is, for the most part, diminishing possession and weakening of the organisation. Organisations may likewise hope to exploit undervalued shares available by repurchasing them and reinforcing advertiser holding.

Treatment in Financial Ratios

The worth or value of capital stock structures is part of a few financial ratios like EPS, return on assets, return on equity, and so forth.

The worth or value of treasury stock or depository stock is basically negative capital and hence shapes portions of no financial ratios that take into account the worth of share capital.

Reporting in the Balance Sheet

The capital stock is revealed on the liabilities side of the accounting report under share capital. It is included approved or authorised share capital, issued shares, and paid-up share capital.

Treasury stock or depository stock capital is unveiled as a decrease from the total share capital of the organisation.

Rights in Voting

The capital stock has a few rights joined to it. These incorporate the option to share benefits of the organisation, freedoms to get a share of resources on liquidation, the right to cast a vote in annual general meetings, and so on.

Treasury stock or depository stock has no such voting rights appended to it.


The capital stock can be held by advertisers, administrative workforce, representatives, contributing organisations, or even the overall contributing public.

Treasury stock or depository stock must be held by the issuing organisation.


The capital stock, as the name proposes, alludes just to equity shareholding and preference shareholding.

Treasury stock or depository stock can be value shares or preference shares in as much as they have been repurchased by the issuing organisation.


Share capital is an enormous part of an organisation’s asset report or balance sheet. Proper organising of the share capital is accordingly significant for a considerable length of time. It decides the quantum of assets that the organisation can raise as well as its proprietorship structure which has a huge bearing on the way where an organisation is run. In this manner, organisations should evaluate their monetary position and decide the appropriate quantum of normal or common stock that they should have. Choices on holding depository or treasury stock should likewise be invested in some time whenever the need or potential chance to practice repurchase of shares emerges.

It is vital to get the differentiation between treasury stocks and capital stocks. Both the treasury stock and the capital stock address the holding in the organisation. As indicated by the necessities, the responsible organisation settles on the issuance of normal stocks or repurchase of normal stocks or preferred stocks. The issuing organisation successfully utilises treasury stocks and capital stocks as per the business necessities. The issuing organisation attempts to take full benefit by actually overseeing and observing the developments of its stock cost through the quantum of treasury stocks and capital stocks.

Also, see:

What Is Commercial Paper

Capital Structure

What Are Equity Shares

What Is Financial Market

Types of Debentures

What Is Promissory Note

Open Market Operations

What Are Current Assets

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