Difference between Cost of Goods Sold and Cost of Sales


Both net sales and cost of goods sold (COGS), which requires knowing the expense of sales to ascertain, are vital to an independent income statement. Cost of sales and cost of goods sold both assist in deciding an organisation’s benefits and proficiency in producing goods and services. However, these measurements sound comparable and are likewise significant for a private venture – the expense or cost of sales definition is somewhat unique in relation to the definition for the cost of goods sold.

Cost of goods sold and cost of sales are two terms that are regularly utilised conversely. Both the costs of goods sold and the cost of sales record the expense caused to create products, to buy merchandise, to offer to the end client, or to offer any assistance. Both these sums are accounted for in the income statement following sales income. The vital distinction between the cost of goods sold and the cost of sales is that the cost of sales isn’t tax-deductible, while the cost of goods sold is tax-deductible.

Cost examination or cost analysis of any organisation is a fundamental perspective and a significant investigation to be done while settling on venture choices or investment decisions for an organisation and removing significant data from the equivalent. Cost of sales and the cost of goods sold are two significant parts of any business that should be examined exhaustively when you are choosing to put resources into any organisation as long as possible or at the present moment.

Meaning of Cost of Goods Sold:

The (COGS) cost of goods sold characterises all expenses a private company experiences to make and offer its goods and services. Instances of cost of goods sold costs are overhead, materials, storage, the wholesale price of products resold elsewhere, and direct labour.

A cost of goods sold model cost may be the acquisition of metals that an independent company utilises in its electronic items, the lease a private venture pays for its office, or the payments a private company makes to its representatives for their work. Note that, while recognising the cost of goods sold and a cost or an expense, the cost of goods sold relates just to deals, though the sales could allude to all business tasks.

Cost of goods sold and the cost of sales matter since they mirror the working costs or operating expenses behind the manufacturing techniques. The cost of sales likewise shows how much cash a business is placing into its sales. Furthermore, when a business deducts the expense or cost of sales from the sales income, then a business is left with net benefit.

At the point when a company contrasts the values of every measurement with the income, the company will better comprehend variances in the main concern. For instance, on the off chance that the cost of goods sold increments as the income diminishes, one can realise that the input costs are expanding. One could then verify that there is legitimisation in raising one’s costs to represent this shift. One’s income could then expand many folds.

Instances of the cost of goods sold incorporate:

  • Direct work.
  • Upward costs, overheads, for example, office lease.
  • Unrefined components and raw materials.
  • All provisions and parts are used to make the goods or services.
  • The discount cost of any service and products one resells.
  • Compartments, storage, containers, and capacity.

Meaning of Cost of Sales:

Monetary specialists characterise the expense or cost of sales as the indirect and direct costs a private company experiences to sell its services and goods.

The cost of sales equation is as follows:

Cost of sales = cost of finished goods in your beginning inventory + cost of goods created during your accounting period – the cost of finished goods in your ending inventory.

As a cost of sales model, imagine that a private venture has spent through Rs. 1,000 on the finished merchandise in the starting stock and spent another Rs. 2,000 on making products during the present bookkeeping period. In the event that the closing stock has a merchandise cost of Rs. 1,500, the cost of sales is Rs. 1,000 + Rs.2,000 – Rs. 1,500 = Rs.1,500.

Difference between Cost of Goods Sold and Cost of Sales:



Indirect and Direct Cost

COGS alludes to the immediate expenses of exclusively the creation of items or administrations.

The expense of deals or the cost of sales incorporates the indirect and direct costs a private company brings about while selling goods and services.

Placement in Income Statement

COGS on an income statement shows up after a private venture’s income.

The cost of sales shows up before the working edge or operating margin.

The Broadness of Terms

COGS takes a look at the manufacturing or creation costs.

The expense or cost of sales envelopes is definitely more than COGS does. The expense of sales surveys a private venture’s whole stock.

Deductibility of Tax

COGS is tax-deductible.

The cost of sales isn’t tax-deductible.


To compute COGS, you should know the aggregate sum of items or administrations that a business makes during a bookkeeping period.

The expense or cost of sales, then again, mirrors the aggregate sum of items or administrations that are made as well as effectively sold.


Since the expense of deals factors in extra expenses for those remembered for COGS, the expense of sales will be more prominent 100% of the time than COGS.

The cost of sales will be more noteworthy all of the time than COGS.

Manufacturing and Sales

COGS demonstrates the expense of your assembling exclusively regardless of whether the products are sold.

The cost of sales shows how much cash goes into selling items that you’ve as of now made.


Retailers and specialist providers should utilise the expense of deals on their pay proclamations, and makers should utilise COGS.

An organisation that offers the two types of services and substantial products can utilise the cost of sales.


Each business ought to basically investigate these two significant expense ideas and should run an itemised cost examination on each detail of cost. Investigation of the immediate expense of goods manufactured assists the organisation with gauging its stock as the organisation can deliver something else for the future when the unrefined substance of the merchandise made is at a low, thus working on its margins. Value research experts ought to likewise do a cross-sectional investigation of the organisation prior to giving it a trade proposal.

Also, see:

Cash Book


Intermediate Goods

Factor Cost Basic Prices and Market Prices

Closing Stock

Types of Financial Ratios

Accrued Income

Budget Set


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