What is Scientific Management?
Scientific management is a system of management that examines and integrates workflows. Its principal goal is enhancing economic performance, especially labour potency. It was one of the initial efforts to implement science to the design of methods and to management.
To put it in other words, Scientific management applies to an extensive stream of one of the primitive schools of views of management related to as the ‘Classical’ school. The other 2 streams pertaining to the classical school are Fayol’s Administrative Theory and Max Weber’s Bureaucracy.
Principles of Scientific Management:
Managing facilities by the rule of thumb equipped them to manage the circumstances as they appeared but underwent from the lack of a trial and error strategy. It would be in order to discuss these principles:
- Science, not the rule of thumb: Taylor discovered the introduction of the process of scientific analysis into the field of management training. We have already pointed to the shortcomings of the rule of thumb strategy of management. As several managers would support their original rules of thumb, it is but a description of the clear that all would not be uniformly competent.
- Harmony, Not Discord: Factory system of manufacturing meant that managers worked as a connection between the owners and the employees. As managers they had the order to ‘get work done’ from the employees, it should not be tough for them to comprehend that there always subsisted the feasibility of a set of class-conflict, the managers versus employees.
- Cooperation, Not Individualism: There should be a comprehensive collaboration between the employees and the management rather than individualism. This system is an expansion of the postulate of ‘Harmony not discord’. Competition should be reinstated by the union.
- The progress of Each and Every Person to His or Her Exceptional Capability and Prosperity: Industrial productivity relies to a large degree on personal capabilities. As such, scientific management also reached for employee development. Employee training was necessary also to determine the ‘best method’ enhanced as a result of the scientific approach. Taylor was of the opinion that the matter for competence could be raised in right from the method of employee choice.
Related Read: Basic Principles of Management
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